Open Access

MD simulation for H2 formation on amorphous ice

Earth, Planets and Space201451:BF03351595

DOI: 10.1186/BF03351595

Received: 24 November 1998

Accepted: 7 May 1999

Published: 20 June 2014


Recent advances in a series of studies based on the molecular dynamics (MD) computer simulation that was performed to investigate the whole of H2 formation process on the surface of dust grains throughout within a single model are reviewed. Amorphous water ice slabs were generated at 10 K and 70 K as a model surface of dust grains, and then the first and second incident H atoms were thrown onto the surface. The following fundamental processes of H2 formation via two H atoms’ recombination, H+H → H2, were studied in detail; 1) the sticking of H atom onto the surface, 2) the diffusion of H atom on the surface, 3) the reaction of two H atoms on the surface, 4) the ejection of H2 from the ice surface. The sticking probability, the mobility, the reaction probability, and the ejection lifetime were selfconsistantly obtained for the above processes. The product energy distribution of H2 molecules formed on icy mantles of dust grains was also studied, and it was found that H2 molecules can be highly vibrationally excited by formation pumping mechanism.