A resistivity cross-section of Usu volcano, Hokkaido, Japan, by audiomagnetotelluric soundings
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 1998
Received: 11 April 1997
Accepted: 17 March 1998
Published: 6 June 2014
We collected audio-magnetotelluric (AMT) data across Usu volcano, Hokkaido, Japan, which erupted in 1977 and is still active. We had a profile of 17 sites perpendicular to the regional tectonic strike, which crossed the 1977 cryptodome, Usu-Shinzan. Tensor-decomposed data were interpreted by a two-dimensional inversion. Outside the crater rim, the resistivity structure is simple. The resistive somma lava is underlain by a conductive substratum, implying altered Tertiary or Quaternary rocks. In the crater, there are two resistive bodies bisected by a vertical conductor, which corresponds to Usu-Shinzan fault, located at the foot of the uplift. The vertical conductor was not detected in the AMT sounding in 1985. One of the possible causes of the development of the vertical conductor is a cold water supply from the surface into the vapor dominant fracture zone. One of the resistive bodies is located beneath Usu-Shinzan and implies an intrusive magma body which caused the 1977 uplift.