Open Access

Removal of scattered light in the Earth atmosphere

Earth, Planets and Space201450:BF03352153

DOI: 10.1186/BF03352153

Received: 6 October 1997

Accepted: 6 March 1998

Published: 6 June 2014

Abstract

Atmospheric correction algorithm, which means a procedure to remove scattered light in an atmosphere from the spaced-based data, are shown for ocean color data given by the satellite ADEOS. In order to achieve better atmospheric correction, this paper proposes two subjects; one is how to determine aerosol characteristics by referring to both of radiance and polarization, and the other is introduction of atmospheric correction coefficients.

At first it is shown that a heterogeneous grain model according to Maxwell-Garnett mixing rule as small water-soluble (WS) inclusions in an oceanic (OC) matrix is available to interpret ADEOS/OCTS and POLDER data observed over the Arabian Sea. Our algorithm is based on an idea that aerosol characteristics can be estimated in terms of scattering behavior in the polarization field. Then atmospheric correction, which is based on radiative transfer process in an atmosphere-ocean model involving the retrieved aerosol model, is applied to ocean color data given by ADEOS/OCTS. Finally our atmospheric correction provides an expected chlorophyll map near the sea surface.

It is of interest to mention that retrieval of atmospheric aerosols is improved by combination use of radiance and polarization, moreover atmospheric correction process is progressed by using the correction coefficients.