Open Access

Active tectonics of the Black Sea with GPS

  • Ergin Tari1,
  • Muhammed Sahin1,
  • Aykut Barka2,
  • Robert Reilinger3,
  • Robert W. King3,
  • Simon McClusky3 and
  • M. Prilepin4
Earth, Planets and Space201452:BF03352276

Received: 25 December 1999

Accepted: 6 July 2000

Published: 24 June 2014


The Black Sea occurs within the Anatolian sector of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic system. In this region northward moving African and Arabian plates collide with Eurasian plate. From this collision the Anatolian block moves westward with a rotation pole located approximately north of Sinai peninsula. Tectonic styles and rates in the circum Black Sea and along the Crimea have been poorly known. A GPS project was initiated in 1995 with the collaboration between Istanbul Technical University, MIT and Joint Institute of Physics of the Earth (Moscow). To carry out the project, two GPS campaigns were performed. Data have been analysed by the well-known GPS processing program, GAMIT which is a comprehensive GPS analysis package, and GLOBK, a Kalman filter. This paper presents the important outputs from the two GPS campaigns and gives suggestions for the future investigations in the region. The important outcome of the project is that the N-S motions along mostly in the Eastern margin of the Black Sea are in a few mm/year, such as SINO, a southern coast site, with a rate of 1.4 ± 1.7 mm/year in NW direction, and GELE, a northern coast site, with a rate of 2.2 ± 2.8 mm/year in SE direction, while the velocities in the Anatolian region are approximately 10–20 ± 3–5 mm/year.