Resolving static offsets from high-rate GPS data: the 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2008
Received: 6 May 2008
Accepted: 6 June 2008
Published: 8 September 2008
The Mw 8.0 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake offshore Hokkaido is the largest earthquake observed to date by a dense GPS network (GEONET). These GPS data are important both for resolving the geodetic signature of the earthquake itself and studies of postseismic deformation. Because GPS positions are generally estimated by averaging 24 hours of observations, it can be difficult to separate the effects of the earthquake and early postseismic deformation. In order to address this difficulty, a Kalman filtering methodology is developed that allows the estimation of the static offsets for the mainshock, its largest aftershock, and postseismic deformation in the first 24 hours. The static offsets computed for this study can be used for earthquake rupture studies while the early postseismic data can be used to evaluate frictional properties of the fault.