Open Access

Solar flare mechanism based on magnetic arcade reconnection and island merging

Earth, Planets and Space201453:BF03353277

DOI: 10.1186/BF03353277

Received: 29 May 2000

Accepted: 28 November 2000

Published: 26 June 2014


We propose a model describing physical processes of solar flares based on resistive reconnection of magnetic field subject to continuous increase of magnetic shear in the arcade. The individual flaring process consists of magnetic reconnection of arcade field lines, generation of magnetic islands in the magnetic arcade, and coalescence of magnetic islands. When a magnetic arcade is sheared (either by footpoint motion or by flux emergence), a current sheet is formed and magnetic reconnection can take place to form a magnetic island. A continuing increase of magnetic shear can trigger a new reconnection process and create a new island in the underlying arcade below the magnetic island. The newborn island rises faster than the preceding island and merges with it to form one island. Before completing the island merging process, the newborn island exhibits two phases of rising motion: a first phase with a slower rising speed and a second phase with a faster rising speed. The flare plasma heating occurs mainly due to magnetic reconnection in the current sheet under the newborn island. The newborn island represents the X-ray plasma ejecta which shows two phases of rising motion observed by Yohkoh (Ohyama and Shibata, 1997). The first phase with slower newborn island rising speed corresponds to the early phase of reconnection of line-tied field in the underlying current sheet and is considered as the preflare phase. In the second phase, the island coalescence takes place, and the underlying current sheet is elongated so that the line-tied arcade field reconnection rate is enhanced. This phase is interpreted as the impulsive phase or the flash phase of flares. The obtained reconnection electric field is large enough to accelerate electrons to an energy level higher than 10 keV, which is necessary for observed hard X-ray emissions. After merging of the islands is completed, magnetic reconnection continues in the current sheet under the integrated island for a longer period, which is considered as the main phase of flares. The sequence of all these processes is repeated with some time interval while a shear-increasing motion continues. We propose that these repetitive flaring processes constitute a set of homologous flares.