Seismograms at five selected stations. Comparison of observed and simulated ground motions (Figure 2) for the stations that are shown in Figures 1 and 2. The E-W velocity components are compared. The observation times (top panels) are aligned from 14:46:00 (JST) for a duration of 250 s that begin at 16 s. The origin time in the simulation was set to zero. The velocity spectra are shown for a frequency range between 0.01 and 2 Hz.