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Simulation of strong ground motions caused by the 2004 off the Kii peninsula earthquakes

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Strong ground motions caused by the Mj 7.4 2004 earthquake that occurred in the Nankai Trough to the southeast of the Kii Peninsula, Japan are simulated by a three-dimensional (3D) finite-difference method (FDM) using a fault-rupture model obtained by inversion of teleseismic seismograms and a 3D subsurface structure model for central Japan. Through simulations of the foreshock (Mj 7.1), the structural model is refined by comparison with observations, and the modified model is used to simulate the mainshock. The simulation provides a reasonable reproduction of the ground motions caused by the mainshock, including site amplification effects in the sedimentary basins of Osaka and Noubi. However, the current simulation model has limitations in producing the large and extended ground motion due to long-period Love waves in the Kanto Plain, as the model does not account for the sharp frequency selectivity for Love waves in the surficial structure of the Bouso Peninsula. It therefore appears necessary to develop a better model for longer-period waves.


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Correspondence to Toshihiko Hayakawa.

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Hayakawa, T., Furumura, T. & Yamanaka, Y. Simulation of strong ground motions caused by the 2004 off the Kii peninsula earthquakes. Earth Planet Sp 57, 191–196 (2005) doi:10.1186/BF03351814

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Key words

  • Strong motion
  • simulation
  • FDM
  • 3D structure