Ground deformation and ground tilt computed using the Takada et al. (
) model. (a) Ground displacements are shown. Arrows represent horizontal displacements and contours indicate vertical displacements. (b) Ground tilt distribution. Arrows show the tilt direction (dipping direction) and contours show the magnitudes of tilt. (c) Magnified version of (a). (d) Magnified version of (b). Green and red circles show the locations of the epicenter and the IWTH25 station, respectively.