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Table 1 The propagation characteristics for observed TIDs

From: Observation of ionospheric disturbances induced by the 2011 Tohoku tsunami using far-field GPS data in Hawaii

TIDs T (UT) v h (m/s) A z (°)
1 11:50 263.18 132.60
2 12:40 244.67 126.87
3 17:30 244.54 112.68
  1. The expressions T, v h , and A z represent the arrival time, horizontal velocity, and azimuth, respectively. TID, traveling ionospheric disturbance.