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Table 1 List of recent Japanese eruptions that claimed >10 lives (supplemented to Japan Meteorological Agency 2013)

From: Special issue “The phreatic eruption of Mt. Ontake volcano in 2014”

Date (Y/M/D) Volcano Victims Description
1721/6/22 Asama 15 Ballistic ejecta
1741/8/18 Oshima-Oshima 1467 Tsunami
1779/11/8-9 Sakurajima >150 Ballistic ejecta and lava flow
1781/4/11 Sakurajima 15 Tsunami caused by an off-shore eruption
1783/8/5 Asama 1151 Pyroclastic flow, mud flow and flood by a collapse of natural dam
1785/4/18 Aogashima 130–140 Phreatomagmatic eruption?
1792/5/21 Unzen >15,000 Debris avalanche and tsunami caused by it
1822/3/12 Usu 50 Pyroclastic flow
1856/9/25 Hokkaido-Koma 21–29 Ballistic ejecta and pumice flow
1888/7/15 Bandai 461 Debris avalanche
1900/7/17 Adatara 73 Destruction of a sulfur mine
1902/8/7 Izu-Torishima 125 Phreatomagmatic eruption
1914/1/12 Sakurajima 58–59 Ballistic ejecta and lava flow
1926/5/24 Tokachidake 144 Mud flow
1940/7/12 Miyake 11 Ballistic ejecta
1952/9/24 Bayonnaise 31 Phreatomagmatic explosion with submarine eruption
1958/6/24 Aso 31 Ballistic ejecta
1991/6/3 Unzen 43 Pyroclastic flow
2014/9/27 Ontake 58 (+5 missing) Ballistic ejecta