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Table 1 Major examples of spaceborne search coil magnetometers for plasma wave measurements

From: Magnetic Search Coil (MSC) of Plasma Wave Experiment (PWE) aboard the Arase (ERG) satellite

Satellite Launch year Core length (m) Frequency range NEMI
OGO-I–VI (Frandsen et al. 1969) 1964–1969 0.27 0.01 Hz to 1 kHz \(\le 100\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 50 to 1000 Hz
IMP-8 (Gurnett et al. 1976) 1973 0.46 40 Hz to 1.78 kHz \(10\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 1 kHz
GEOS 1 and 2 (S-300 Experimenters 1979) 1977 and 1978 ? 0.1 to 450 Hz \(0.1\,{\hbox {pT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 30 Hz
GEOS 1 and 2 (S-300 Experimenters 1979) 1977 and 1978 ? 0.45 to 20 kHz \(3\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 5 kHz
ISEE-3 (Scarf et al. 1978) 1978 0.4 17 Hz to 100 kHz \(20\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 200 Hz
DE-1 and DE-2 (Shawhan et al. 1981) 1981 0.4 1 Hz to 1 kHz 0.1 γ-Hz < 35 kHz
Akebono (Fukunishi et al. 1990) 1989 0.3 1 to 800 Hz 0.3 pT at 10 Hz
Galileo (Gurnett et al. 1992) 1989 0.26 5 Hz to 3.5 kHz \(50 \,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 100 Hz
Galileo (Gurnett et al. 1992) 1989 0.28 1 to 50 kHz \(3\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 20 kHz
CRRES (Anderson et al. 1992) 1990 0.4 5.6 Hz to 400 kHz 35 \(\upmu\)V/nT Hz up to 10 kHz
GEOTAIL (Matsumoto et al. 1994) 1992 0.3 10 Hz to 12 kHz \(20\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 100 Hz
Freja (Holback et al. 1994) 1992 0.27 30 Hz to 16 kHz \(10\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\)
WIND (Bougeret et al. 1995) 1994 0.4 A few Hz to 3 kHz \(10\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 1 kHz
Magion 4 (Blęki et al. 1997) 1995 ? 1 Hz to 2 kHz \(30\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 100 Hz
Polar (Gurnett et al. 1995) 1996 0.4 0.1 Hz to 50 kHz \(10\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 1 kHz
FAST (Elphic et al. 2001) 1996 0.18 10 Hz to 16 kHz \(3\,{\hbox {fT/bit}}^{-1}\) at 16 kHz
FAST (Elphic et al. 2001) 1996 0.53 10 Hz to 1 MHz \(3\,{\hbox {fT/bit}}^{-1}\) at 16 kHz
Interball 2 (Lefeuvre et al. 1998) 1996 ? 0.01 Hz to 1 kHz \(8\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 400 Hz
Interball 2 (Lefeuvre et al. 1998) 1996 ? 1 to 20 kHz ?
Interball 2 (Lefeuvre et al. 1998) 1996 ? 40 kHz to 2 MHz \(3\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 100 kHz
Cassini (Gurnett et al. 2004) 1997 0.25 1 Hz to 20 kHz \(20\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 1 kHz
Cluster II (Cornilleau-Wehrlin et al. 2003) 2000 0.27 0.1 Hz to 4 kHz \(10\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 1 kHz
DEMETER (Séran and Fergeau 2005) 2004 0.17 A few Hz to 20 kHz \(4\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 6 kHz
THEMIS (Roux et al. 2008) 2007 0.17 0.1 Hz to 4 kHz \(20\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 1 kHz
Van Allen Probes (Kletzing et al. 2013) 2012 0.4 10 Hz to 12 kHz \(5\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 3 kHz
MMS (Le Contel et al. 2016) 2015 0.1 1 Hz to 6 kHz \(20\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 1 kHz
MMO (Kasaba et al. 2010) Future 0.1 0.1 Hz to 20 kHz \(50\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 1 kHz
MMO (Coillot et al. 2010) Future 0.1 10 to 640 kHz \(8\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 100 kHz
Arase (ERG) 2016 0.2 1 Hz to 100 kHz \(20\,{\hbox {fT/Hz}}^{1/2}\) at 2 kHz