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Fig. 13 | Earth, Planets and Space

Fig. 13

From: Data assimilation experiment of precipitable water vapor observed by a hyper-dense GNSS receiver network using a nested NHM-LETKF system

Fig. 13

a Horizontal distributions of 1-h rainfall amount at 0600 LT on August 14, 2012, simulated by SLOC3.5km. b Horizontal distributions of difference of 1-h rainfall amount between SLOC3.5km and CNTL8.0km (shade) at 0600 LT on August 14, 2012. Solid (broken) line indicates that RMSE of 1-h rainfall of the SLOC3.5km is 1 mm smaller (larger) than that of CNTL8.0km. Open triangles and black squares indicate GNSS stations used in SLOC3.5km of the Uji network and GEONET, respectively. c Horizontal distributions of 1-h rainfall amount at 0600 LT on August 14, 2012, observed by JMA weather radar

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