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Fig. 5 | Earth, Planets and Space

Fig. 5

From: Understanding and forecasting phreatic eruptions driven by magmatic degassing

Fig. 5

Model for type 2 phreatic eruptions at Poás. Increasing magmatic gas input into the lake raises the vapor–liquid boundary, resulting in vaporization of confined liquid water, generating volume change, pressurization, and eruption. Compared to type 1 phreatic systems, here the conduit is more open with a shallower magma system. Type 2 phreatic eruptions are also very common at Rincon de la Vieja and other hyperacid crater lake systems. The eruptive style is more akin to surtseyan eruptions than vulcanian eruptions which are more related to type 1 phreatic activity

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