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Table 4 Magnetic impact of calibration and characterisation, respectively, for each parameter given in Eq. 13 and the non-linear parameters in Eq. 9

From: Observing Earth’s magnetic environment with the GRACE-FO mission

Parameter Std (nT) Min (nT) Max (nT)
x y z x y z x y z
GF1
 \(\mathbf {\Delta B_{\xi }}\) 5.2 6.9 3.8 − 28.1 − 67.9 − 38.6 21.5 25.8 20.3
 \({\Delta B_{\nu }}\) 7.6 9.6 5.4 − 46.0 − 45.8 − 37.5 47.2 75.1 66.3
 \({\Delta B_{\text{MTQ}}}\) 8.6 6.2 6.8 − 230.5 − 209.5 − 578.7 242.5 206.4 263.0
 \({\Delta B_{\text{BAT}}}\) 17.0 29.5 18.4 − 309.4 − 343.1 − 354.2 196.5 536.8 225.6
 \({\Delta B_{\text{SA}}}\) 66.3 112.0 74.4 − 503.4 − 174.3 − 554.2 106.6 863.8 262.1
 \({\Delta B_{\text{BT}}}\) 1.9 3.2 1.6 − 16.2 − 17.8 − 18.2 16.9 28.6 10.4
 \({\Delta B_{\text{ST}}}\) 5.5 2.2 8.1 − 175.8 − 16.0 − 204.1 167.3 20.0 217.5
 \({\Delta B_{\text{cal},\text{NEC}}}\) 7.8 7.9 9.5 − 220.6 − 112.2 − 287.7 217.9 161.8 329.0
GF2
 \({\Delta B_{\xi }}\) 5.1 7.8 4.2 − 17.7 − 28.6 − 19.6 28.7 28.7 34.1
 \({\Delta B_{\nu }}\) 10.1 9.1 5.6 − 100.7 − 49.1 − 48.5 74.0 43.9 35.9
 \({\Delta B_{\text{MTQ}}}\) 10.2 6.6 6.9 − 222.8 − 235.3 − 178.4 226.9 190.7 258.2
 \({\Delta B_{\text{BAT}}}\) 21.1 21.4 18.6 − 131.1 − 87.8 − 100.6 66.8 87.5 136.9
 \({\Delta B_{\text{SA}}}\) 19.2 35.1 29.0 − 60.0 − 184.2 − 230.4 85.0 166.1 117.1
 \({\Delta B_{\text{BT}}}\) 4.1 6.9 4.5 − 44.5 − 26.4 − 11.9 30.1 114.5 81.6
 \({\Delta B_{\text{ST}}}\) 9.3 3.2 14.6 − 273.3 − 26.0 − 390.6 244.0 29.2 317.8
 \({\Delta B_{\text{cal},\text{NEC}}}\) 7.1 8.4 7.7 − 6364.5 − 121.8 − 277.8 180.9 1013.9 7208.9
  1. Results are given in the FGM (SRF) reference frame for GF1 and GF2