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Table 3 Molar concentration of CO2, and flow rates of CO2 and of H2O chosen to simulate the temperature trend in the fumarole F5AT (Vulcano Island) from January 2001 to April 2005

From: Influence of permeability on the hydrothermal system at Vulcano Island (Italy): inferences from numerical simulations

Simulated period Percent of CO2 (%) Flow rate of CO2 (t/d) Flow rate of H2O (t/d)
Steady state conditions 5 68 528.5
1 Jan. 2001–30 June 2003 5 68 528.5
1 July 2003–31 Aug. 2004 5 a a
September 2004 10 285.5 1051.2
1 Oct. 2004–5 Nov. 2004 15 300 695.45
6 Nov. 2004–13 Jan. 2005 20 330 540
14 Jan. 2005–30 April 2005 10 223 821
  1. In the periods marked with a, the flow rate of CO2 is increased linearly