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Fig. 5 | Earth, Planets and Space

Fig. 5

From: Concurrent effects of Martian topography on the thermosphere and ionosphere at high northern latitudes

Fig. 5

Comparison between Martian topography and ionospheric and thermospheric longitude variations. a Shows Martian topographic fluctuations; b presents latitude variations of the amplitudes of topographic longitude wave − 1 to − 6; c is averaged amplitudes of topographic longitude wave − 1 to − 6 over the latitude range of 30–90°N; d shows topographic longitude wave − 3. (eg) are latitude variations of the longitude wave − 3 in hmM2, NmM2, and Hn, respectively

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