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  1. We interpret the continuous GPS data for the Japanese islands from 1996 to 1999 using the model of Hashimoto and Jackson (1993). In this model crustal deformation is represented by a combination of rigid block...

    Authors: Manabu Hashimoto, Shin’ichi Miyazaki and David D. Jackson
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352337
  2. In the absence of the selective availability, which was turned off on May 1, 2000, the ionosphere can be the largest source of error in GPS positioning and navigation. Its effects on GPS observable cause a cod...

    Authors: Paulo Oliveria de Camargo, João Francisco Galera Monico and Luiz Danilo Damasceno Ferreira
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352335
  3. In this paper we investigate the form and dynamics of shock acoustic waves (SAW) generated during the rocket Proton launching from the Baikonur cosmodrome in 1998 and 1999. In spite of the difference of geophysic...

    Authors: Edward L. Afraimovich, Eugene A. Kosogorov, Kirill S. Palamarchouk, Natalia P. Perevalova and Alexey V. Plotnikov
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352331
  4. The paper outlines a method allowing to compute the TEC with a precision of about 2–3 TECU and to detect Travelling Ionospheric Disturbances using GPS measurements. We describe the solar cycle dependance of th...

    Authors: René Warnant and Eric Pottiaux
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352330
  5. Repeated GPS measurements have been performed at the centre of the Greenland Ice Sheet since 1992. Results have shown that the ice sheet is essentially stable at this location, with GPS-determined strain and e...

    Authors: R. Forsberg, K. Keller, C. S. Nielsen, N. Gundestrup, C. C. Tscherning, S. N. Madsen and J. Dall
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352329
  6. Between 1988 and 1995, five seasons of Global Positioning System (GPS) data were collected at seventy-three locations near the 2500 metre contour of the Lambert Glacier Drainage Basin (LGB). These data have be...

    Authors: Rachael Manson, Richard Coleman, Peter Morgan and Matt King
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352326
  7. Assessment of Antarctic rebound is complicated by two issues: (1) The total ice volume at Last Glacial Maximum is contentious, with estimates ranging from just a few meters to several tens of meters of equival...

    Authors: Erik R. Ivins, Carol A. Raymond and Thomas S. James
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352325
  8. Following 198 years of dormancy, an eruption started at Mt. Fugen, the main peak of Unzen volcano, in Kyushu, Japan, in November 1990. A dacite lava dome began to grow in May 1991. We installed the surveying p...

    Authors: Takeshi Matsushima and Akimichi Takagi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352323
  9. Mt. Iwate (2,038 m) is an active volcano located in northeastern Japan. Unrest of the volcano started in September, 1995 with intermediate-depth tremors. The shallow seismicity gradually became active in Febru...

    Authors: Satoshi Miura, Sadato Ueki, Toshiya Sato, Kenji Tachibana and Hiroyuki Hamaguchi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352321
  10. Recently, in comparing with Earth rotation data, we found some exciting correlation phenomena between length-of-day (LOD) and crustal deformations as well as stress observations in China, the correlation appea...

    Authors: Qing-Liang Wang, Yun-Tai Chen, Du-Xin Cui, Wen-Ping Wang and Wei-Feng Liang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352318
  11. This paper deals with the optimal design of GPS geodynamic geodetic networks. A simple strike-slip fault-model is used to investigate the design of networks and to decide where to place geodetic stations in or...

    Authors: M. D. Gerasimenko, N. V. Shestakov and Teruyuki Kato
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352317
  12. In order to detect the crustal movement in the Beppu Bay area, where the highest intra-plate strain rates in Japan is expected, precise GPS measurements have been repeatedly conducted since 1994 at one-year in...

    Authors: Y. Fukuda, M. Itahara, S. Kusumoto, T. Higashi, K. Takemura, H. Mawatari, Y. Yusa, T. Yamamoto and T. Kato
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352316
  13. Although the Kozu Island Volcano, one of the Izu Islands Volcanoes in the south part Central Japan, is an active volcano, there is no record of the eruption for about 1100 years since the last eruption in 833 ...

    Authors: Fumiaki Kimata, Shin-ichi Kariya, Masayuki Fujita, Kunio Matsumoto, Takao Tabei, Jiro Segawa and Akiko Yamada
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352315
  14. Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements were made to estimate the crustal deformation strain rate for the Deccan trap region, western India. Estimated horizontal velocity vectors in ITRF96 are in the rang...

    Authors: C. D. Reddy, Gamal El-Fiky, Teruyuki Kato, Seiichi Shimada and K. Vijay Kumar
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352313
  15. Tropospheric tomography using data from local networks of Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers is producing encouraging spatio-temporal representations of the wet refractivity field. In this work we prese...

    Authors: A. Flores, L. P. Gradinarsky, P. Elósegui, G. Elgered, J. L. Davis and A. Rius
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352309
  16. A formulation of local GPS tropospheric tomography for determining 4-D distribution of refractivity in the troposphere is presented together with a preliminary analysis of local dense GPS campaign data. Dividi...

    Authors: Kazuro Hirahara
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352308
  17. Three-dimensional distributions of water vapor in a mesoscale precipitation system, which developed on 7 July 1996 in the Baiu front, were estimated directly from the GPS data of ‘GPS Earth Observation Network...

    Authors: Hiromu Seko, Seiichi Shimada, Hajime Nakamura and Teruyuki Kato
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352307
  18. The NOAA Forecast Systems Laboratory (FSL) has been continuously calculating integrated atmospheric precipitable water (IPW) from GPS signal delays since 1994. Using rapid orbit information, these data have th...

    Authors: Tracy L. Smith, Stanley G. Benjamin, Barry E. Schwartz and Seth I. Gutman
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352306
  19. Simultaneous GPS and water vapor radiometer (WVR) observations were carried out in Tsukuba during May–June 1998, for the validation of precipitable water content (PWC) gradients estimated from single-site GPS ...

    Authors: Kazumasa Aonashi, Yoshinori Shoji, Ryu-ichi Ichikawa and Hiroshi Hanado
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352304
  20. The radio holographic principle is briefly described and tested by using radio occultation data of the GPS/MET and MIR/GEO experiments. Sub-Fresnel spatial resolution ∼12 m/pixel was achieved using focused syn...

    Authors: K. Igarashi, A. Pavelyev, K. Hocke, D. Pavelyev, I. A. Kucherjavenkov, S. Matyugov, A. Zakharov and O. Yakovlev
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352302
  21. A new method of using GPS for monitoring local area deformations such as landslides is presented. Unlike the standard method of using GPS for deformation monitoring where a GPS receiver is required for each po...

    Authors: Yongqi Chen, Xiaoli Ding, Dingfa Huang and Jianjun Zhu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352298
  22. Airborne geoid mapping techniques may provide the opportunity to improve the geoid over vast areas of the Earth, such as polar areas, tropical jungles and mountainous areas, and provide an accurate “seam-less”...

    Authors: R. Forsberg, A. Olesen, L. Bastos, A. Gidskehaug, U. Meyer and L. Timmen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352296
  23. The main purpose of this research is to develop a real-time GPS monitoring system with the aid of a Kalman Filter for use in an active tectonic region near Istanbul, and its surrounding region. Currently, an o...

    Authors: Cankut D. Ince and Muhammed Sahin
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352291
  24. This paper deals with the problem of properly weighting satellite observations which are non-uniform in quality. The technique, the variance component estimation method developed by Helmert, was first applied ...

    Authors: Gaye Kizilsu and Muhammed Sahin
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352283
  25. Low elevation data may be included in the processing of small scale engineering GPS applications, in order to improve satellite geometry and reduce the required observation time. Careful weighting of the phase...

    Authors: Andreas Wieser and Fritz K. Brunner
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352281
  26. The objective of this paper is to outline the fundamental concepts underlying the estimation of a global strain rate model. We use a variant of the method first introduced by Haines and Holt (1993) to estimate...

    Authors: Corné Kreemer, John Haines, William E. Holt, Geoffrey Blewitt and David Lavallee
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352279
  27. Amongst various space techniques, GPS-geodesy has proved to be an indispensible tool worldwide for geodynamics and the determination of parameters governing seismotectonics. To study the Indian plate kinematic...

    Authors: E. C. Malaimani, James Campbell, Barbara Görres, Holger Kotthoff and Stefan Smaritschnik
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352275
  28. Mark III VLBI observations between August 1979 and December 1998 were analyzed to yield the terrestrial and celestial reference frames (TRF and CRF) and the Earth Orientation Parameters (EOP). Comparisons with...

    Authors: Jinling Li and Guangli Wang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352273
  29. In the framework of the GEODYnamics of South and South-East Asia (GEODYSSEA) project a network of 42 stations was observed by GPS during two field campaigns in 1994 and 1996. BKG and GFZ realized a third obser...

    Authors: M. Becker, E. Reinhart, Soeb Bin Nordin, D. Angermann, G. Michel and C. Reigber
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352271
  30. The Global Positioning System (GPS) is used to provide hourly measurements of precipitable water (PW) in Taiwan during the passage of tropical cyclones. Typhoon Zeb, which caused serious damage in the Philippi...

    Authors: Yuei-An Liou and Cheng-Yung Huang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352269
  31. New mapping functions based on in situ meteorological parameters have been developed for calculating the radio path length through the atmosphere at elevations down to 3°. The hydrostatic component of the mapping...

    Authors: A. E. Niell
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352267
  32. The intention in this paper is to investigate the form and dynamics of large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (LS TIDs) of auroral origin. We have devised a technique for determining LS TID parameters ...

    Authors: Edward L. Afraimovich, Eugene A. Kosogorov, Ludmila A. Leonovich, Kirill S. Palamartchouk, Natalia P. Perevalova and Olga M. Pirog
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352261
  33. Preprocessing is an essential aspect for zero- and double-difference GPS software packages. In the first case we have to produce “clean” code and phase observations on the single receiver and single satellite ...

    Authors: H. Bock, G. Beutler, S. Schaer, T. A. Springer and M. Rothacher
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 52:BF03352259

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