Time-height cross sections of area-mean(upper panels) and(lower panels). These fluxes normalized by maximum flux magnitudes in Figure 7 are calculated from the experiments under the condition U
= 0 m · s–1 · km–1 for (a) case B1, (b) case B3, and (c) case B5. Thick contours in upper and lower panels show area-mean potential temperature (K) and mixing ratio (q × 106; kg · kg–1), respectively. Thin-dashed contours indicate negative values of normalized .