Skip to main content

Solar radiation pressure model for the relay satellite of SELENE


A new radiation pressure model of the relay satellite of SELENE has been developed. The shape of the satellite was assumed to be a combination of a regular octagonal pillar and a column. Radiation forces acting on each part of the spacecraft were calculated independently and summed vectorially to obtain the mean acceleration of the satellite center of mass. We incorporated this new radiation pressure model into the orbit analysis software GEODYN-II and simulated the tracking data reduction process of the relay satellite. We compared two models: one is the new radiation pressure model developed in this work and the other a so-called “cannonball model” where the shape of the satellite is assumed to be a sphere. By the analysis of simulated two-way Doppler tracking data, we found that the new radiation pressure model reduces the observation residuals compared to the cannonball model. Moreover, we can decrease errors in the estimated lunar gravity field coefficients significantly by use of the new radiation pressure model.


  • Ullman, R. E., and G. W. Rosborough, Prediction of radiant energy forces on the TOPEX/POSEIDON spacecraft, J. Spacecr Rockets, 29, 81–92, 1992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kaula, W. M., Theory of Satellite Geodesy, 120 pp., Blaisdell, Waltham, MA, 1966.

    Google Scholar 

  • Konopliv, A. S., W. L. Sjogren, R. N. Wimberly, R. A. Cook, and A. Vijayaraghavan, A high resolution lunar gravity field and predicted orbit behavior, in AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, Pap. # AAS 93-622, Victoria, B.C., August, 1993.

  • Kubooka, T., Long-term effect of solar radiation on the orbit of an octagonal satellite orbiting around the moon, Adv. Space Res., 23(4), 727–731, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lemoine, F. G. R., D. E. Smith, M. T. Zuber, G. A. Neumann, and D. D. Rowlands, A 70th degree lunar gravity model (GLGM-2) from Clementine and other tracking data, J. Geophys. Res., 102(E7), 16339–16359, 1997.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Matsumoto, K., K. Heki, and D. D. Rowlands, Impact of far-side satellite tracking on gravity estimation in the SELENE project, Adv. Space Res., 1999 (in press).

  • McCarthy, D. D. (ed.), IERS Standards, 150 pp., IERS Technical Note, 13, 1992.

  • Milani, A., A. M. Nobili, and P. Farinella, Non-gravitational Perturbations and Satellite Geodesy, 125 pp., Universita di Pisa, Italy, 1987.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pavlis, D. E., S. Luo, P. Dahiroc, J. J. McCarthy, and S. B. Luthke, GEODYN-II, Operations Manual, 428 pp., Greenbelt, Maryland, 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sengoku, A., On lunar gravitaitonal potential recovery from SELENE satellites, Proc. 30th Symposium on Celestial Mechanics, 30, 131–136, 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sengoku, A., M. K. Cheng, and B. E. Schutz, Anisotropic reflection effect on satellite, Ajisai, J. Geodesy, 70, 140–145, 1995.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Standish, E. M., X. X. Newhall, J. G. Williams, and W. F. Folkner, JPL Planetary and Lunar Ephemerides, DE403/LE403, JPL IOM, 314, 10–127, 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ullman, R. E., SOLVE Program, NASA Contract Report NAS5-29393, Task 503, 36 pp., Greenbelt, Maryland, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Toshihiro Kubo-oka.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kubo-oka, T., Sengoku, A. Solar radiation pressure model for the relay satellite of SELENE. Earth Planet Sp 51, 979–986 (1999).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Radiation Pressure
  • Tracking Data
  • Radiation Force
  • Spin Axis
  • Solar Radiation Pressure