Skip to main content

Advertisement

We’d like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest.

2-D inversion of VES data in Saqqara archaeological area, Egypt

Abstract

The interpretation of actual geophysical field data still has a problem for obtaining a unique solution. In order to investigate the groundwater potentials in Saqqara archaeological area, vertical electrical soundings with Schlumberger array have been carried out. In the interpretation of VES data, 1D resistivity inversion has been performed based on a horizontally layered earth model by El-Qady (1995). However, some results of 1D inversion are not fully satisfied for actual 3D structures such as archaeological tombs. Therefore, we have carried out 2D inversion based on ABIC least squares method for Schlumberger VES data obtained in Saqqara area. Although the results of 2D cross sections were correlated with the previous interpretation, the 2D inversion still shows a rough spatial resistivity distribution, which is the abrupt change in resistivity between two neighboring blocks of the computed region. It is concluded that 3D interpretation is recommended for visualizing ground water distribution with depth in the Saqqara area.

References

  1. Akaike, H., Likelihood and Bayes procedure, in Bayesian Statistics, edited by J. M. Bernardo, et al., pp. 143–166, Univ. press, Valencia, Spain, 1980.

  2. Constable, S., L. Robert, and C. Constable, Occam’s inversion: A practical algorithm for generating smooth models from EM sounding data, Geophysics, 52(3), 289–300, 1987.

  3. El-Qady, G., Geophysical study for Saqqara area, M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. Sc. Mansoura Univ., Mansoura, Egypt, 1995.

  4. Jackson, D. and M. Matsura, A Baysein approach to a nonlinear inversion, J. Geophys. Res., 90(B1), 581–591, 1985.

  5. Said, R., Subsurface geology of Cairo area: Memories de L., Inst. D’Egypte, Tome soxante, Le Caire, 70 pp., 1975.

  6. Said, R., The Geology of Egypt, 734 pp., Balkema Pub., Roterdam, Netherlands, 1990.

  7. Sasaki, Y., Automatic interpretation of resistivity sounding data over two dimensional structures (I), Geophys. Explor. of Japan (Butsuri Tanko), 34, 341–350, 1981 (in Japanese).

  8. Strenberg, B. K., Electrical resistivity of the crust in the southern extension of the Canadian Shield—layered earth models, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 212–228, 1979.

  9. Uchida, T., Two-Dimensional resistivity inversion for Schlumberger sounding, Geophys. Explor. of Japan (Butsuri Tansa), 44(1), 1–17, 1991.

  10. Uchida, T., Smooth 2-D inversion for Magnetotelluric Data Based on Statistical Criterion ABIC, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 45, 841–858, 1993.

  11. Vozoff, K. and D. Jupp, Joint invesrion of geophysical data, Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 42, 977–991, 1975.

  12. Zohdy, A. R., A new method for the automatic interpretation of Schlumberger and Wenner sounding curves, Geophysics, 54(2), 245–253, 1989.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Gad El-Qady.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

El-Qady, G., Sakamoto, C. & Ushijima, K. 2-D inversion of VES data in Saqqara archaeological area, Egypt. Earth Planet Sp 51, 1091–1098 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351583

Download citation

Keywords

  • Apparent Resistivity
  • Vertical Electrical Sounding
  • Smoothing Factor
  • Schlumberger Array
  • Vertical Electrical Sounding Data