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  • Article
  • Open Access

Analogue model study of EM induction in elongated conductors—2D and 3D induction arrow responses

Earth, Planets and Space201452:BF03351647

  • Received: 15 October 1999
  • Accepted: 21 March 2000
  • Published:


Magnetic induction arrow responses of elongated conductors embedded in a uniformly resistive host earth and underlain by a conductive substratum are studied with the aid of laboratory analogue model measurements. The dependence on period, the overburden depth, and the underlying conductive basement depth, are examined for three different conductor lengths that were chosen so as to include the transition in the responses from two dimensional (2D) to those of three dimensional (3D) structures. The characteristic period T c (the period at which the in-phase anomalous response of the elongated conductor model is maximum and the quadrature response is minimum) is found to depend on the conductor length, the overburden depth, and the conductive basement depth. A decrease in conductor length or conductive basement depth, each have the effect of decreasing both the response amplitude and the characteristic period, while increasing the overburden depth has the effect of increasing the characteristic period and decreasing the response amplitude. At short periods, say below the characteristic period, the responses appear to be roughly 2D, and to become progressively more 3D-like with increasing period above the characteristic period.


  • Skin Depth
  • Characteristic Period
  • Conductive Substratum
  • Basement Depth
  • Quadrature Response