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Open Access

Amplification of gravity and Rayleigh waves in a layered water-soil model

Earth, Planets and Space201452:BF03351666

Received: 23 August 1999

Accepted: 25 August 2000

Published: 20 June 2014


The coupled seismic to gravitational surface wave fields are analyzed in a liquid layer lying on the gravitating elastic, low-rigidity half-space. Solution is obtained within the framework of the normal mode formalism applied to the flat ocean-solid Earth model. From the theory of propagation of coupled surface waves (Rayleigh and Love) in layered media, we find the individual multipliers that determine the surface wave spectrum over the entire frequency range. Spectra of excitation functions are investigated for dip-slip point source in the half-space. Main results can be summarized as follows. When the half-space is filled with sediments, dip-slip excitation functions of gravity and Rayleigh waves are one order of magnitude larger than for the half-space composed of hard rocks. Including gravity in the elastic medium essentially changes the character of gravity wave spectrum, leading to an appearance of the third maximum. At the deepening of the source amplitude of this maximum increases. Theoretical marigrams show that including gravity in the half-space also increases period of the gravity wave excited by deep sources by a factor of two, up to 10 minutes. At the same time, presence of gravity force in the half-space has no effect on the spectrum of the Rayleigh wave.


Surface WaveGravity WaveRayleigh WaveLiquid LayerSeismic Moment