Skip to content


Open Access

Identification of possible ion-drag induced neutral instability in the lower thermosphere over Svalbard

Earth, Planets and Space201452:BF03351672

Received: 1 May 2000

Accepted: 29 August 2000

Published: 20 June 2014


The EISCAT Svalbard Radar (ESR) has been used to obtain ion velocities in the lower thermosphere. By using beam swinging and assuming homogeneity and stationarity of the plasma, first approximations to the electric field have been deduced, and thus the thermospheric neutral wind has been estimated. From these derived parameters, we have estimated the gradient Richardson Number. Although many assumptions must be made, there is an indication that electrodynamics is able to contribute to enhancement or even production of neutral-air turbulence in the lower thermosphere. Finally, we outline a proposal for an analogy to the Reynolds Number, but reflecting the relative importance’s of the contribution of ion-drag to the neutral dynamics and the kinematic viscosity.


Neutral WindMeridional ComponentLower ThermosphereInternational Geomagnetic Reference FieldIncoherent Scatter Radar