- Open Access
Collisional destruction experiment of chondrules and formation of fragments in the solar nebula
Earth, Planets and Space volume 53, pages927–935(2001)
Collisional destruction experiments with chondrules from the Allende CV3 chondrite were performed over a range of velocities (10 m/s to 76 m/s). Electron microscopy shows that two types of chondrules were affected by low-velocity impacts: (1) reactivated pre-existing cracks filled with iron-oxides and (2) poorly crystallized finegrained silicates in glass. The relatively-well crystallized chondrules were destroyed at higher impact velocities. Based on the range of velocities causing chondrule destruction, we theoretically examined the condition of the solar nebula in the chondrule destruction periods and suggest that collisional destruction of chondrules can occur during abrupt and/or localized strong turbulence, in a nebular shock, by a collision between a chondrule and an object larger than 1 m in the laminar solar nebula.
Adachi, I., C. Hayashi, and K. Nakazawa, The gas drag effect on the elliptic motion of a solid body in the primordial solar nebula, Progr. Theor. Phys., 56, 1756–1771, 1976.
Bertout, C., G. Basri, and J. Bouvier, Accretion disks around T Tauri stars, Astrophys. J., 330, 350–373, 1988.
Bunch, T. E. and R. S. Rajan, Meteorite regolithic breccias, in Meteorites and the Early Solar System, edited by J. F. Kerridge and M.S. Matthews, pp. 144–164, Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 1988.
Clayton, R. N. and T. K. Mayeda, Oxygen isotope studies of carbonaceous chondrites, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 63, 2089–2104, 1999.
Gooding, J. L. and K. Keil, Relative abundances of chondrule primary textural types in ordinary chondrites and their bearing on conditions of chondrule formation, Meteoritics, 16, 17–43, 1981.
Hayashi, C., Structure of the solar nebula, growth and decay of magnetic fields and effects of magnetic and turbulent viscosities on the nebula, Progr Theor Phys. Suppl, 70, 35–53, 1981.
Hayashi, C., K. Nakazawa, and Y. Nakagawa, Formation of the Solar System, in Protostars and Planets II, edited by D. C. Black and M. S. Matthews, pp. 1100–1153, Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 1985.
Hewins, R. H., Retention of sodium during chondrule melting, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 55, 935–942, 1991.
Hood, L. L. and M. Horanyi, Gas dynamic heating of chondrule precursor grains in the solar nebula, Icarus, 93, 259–269, 1991.
Hood, L. L. and M. Horanyi, The nebular shock wave model for chondrule formation: One-dimensional calculations, Icarus, 106, 179–189, 1993.
King, T. V. V. and E. A. Elbert, Grain size and petrography of C2 and C3 carbonaceous chondrites, Meteoritics, 13, 47–72, 1978.
Krot, A. N., M. I. Petaev, E. R. D. Scott, B. G. Choi, M. E. Zolensky, and K. Keil, Progressive alteration in CV3 chondrites: More evidence for asteroidal alteration, Meteoritics and Planet. Sci., 33, 1065–1085, 1998.
Liffman, K. and M. J. I. Brown, The Protostellar jet model of chondrule formation, in Chondrules and the Protoplanetary Disk, edited by R. H. Hewins, R. H. Jones, and E. R. D. Scott, pp. 285–302, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1996.
McSween, H. Y., Petrographic variations among carbonaceous chondrites of the Vigarano type, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 41, 1777–1790, 1977.
Metzler, K., A. Bischoff, and D. Stöffler, Accretionary dust mantles in CM chondrite: Evidence for solar nebula process, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 56, 2873–2897, 1992.
Nakamura, T., K. Tomeoka, N. Takaoka, T. Sekine, and H. Takeda, Impact-induced textural changes of CV carbonaceous chondrites: Experimental reproduction, Icarus, 146, 289–300, 2000.
Pringle, J. E., Accretion discs in astrophysics, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 19, 137–162, 1981.
Scott, E. R. D., K. Keil, and D. Stöffler, Shock metamorphism of carbonaceous chondrites, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 56, 4281–4293, 1992.
Sekiya, M., Quasi-equilibrium density distributions of small dust aggregations in the solar nebula, Icarus, 133, 298–309, 1998.
Sekiya, M. and T. Nakamura, Condition for the formation of the compound chondrules in the solar nebula, Proc. NIPR Symp. on Antarctic Meteorites, 9, 208–217, 1996.
Shu, F. H., H. Shang, and T. Lee, Toward an astrophysical theory of chondrites, Science, 271, 1545–1552, 1996.
Shu, F. H., H. Shang, A. E. Glassgold, and T. Lee, X-rays and fluctuating X-winds from protostars, Science, 277, 1475–1479, 1997.
Steele, I. M., Primitive material surviving in chondrites: mineral grains, in Meteorites and the Early Solar System, edited by J. F. Kerridge and M. S. Matthews, pp. 808–818, Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 1988.
Toomre, A., On the gravitational stability of a disk of stars, Astrophys. J., 139, 1217–1238, 1964.
Völk, H. J., F. C. Jones, G. E. Morfill, and S. Roser, Collisions between grains in a turbulent gas, Astron. Astrophys., 85, 316–325, 1980.
Wasson, J. T., Chondritic meteorites as products of the solar nebula, in Meteorites, pp. 136–154, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1974.
Weidenschilling, S. J., Aerodynamics of solid bodies in the solar nebula, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc, 180, 57–70, 1977.
Weisberg, M. K. and M. Prinz, Fayalitic olivine in CV3 chondrite matrix and dark inclusions: A nebula origin, Meteoritics and Planet. Sci, 33, 1087–1099, 1998.
About this article
Cite this article
Ueda, T., Murakami, Y., Ishitsu, N. et al. Collisional destruction experiment of chondrules and formation of fragments in the solar nebula. Earth Planet Sp 53, 927–935 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351689
- Solar Nebula
- Glass Sphere
- Carbonaceous Chondrite
- Tauri Star