Open Access

Spatial and temporal characteristics of low-magnitude seismicity from a dense array in western Nagano Prefecture, Japan

Earth, Planets and Space201454:BF03351709

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351709

Received: 30 October 2000

Accepted: 4 August 2001

Published: 20 June 2014

Abstract

We analyze an earthquake catalog and waveform data from a dense seismic array in western Nagano Prefecture in order to investigate seismic properties and source parameters. The catalog used here consists of about 30,000 smaller magnitude earthquakes that were located within a source volume of order (10 km)3. Moving window analysis shows that the seismic rate is steady over time and the temporal change in the size distribution of earthquakes shows only statistical fluctuations. Spatial analyses, however, reveals that certain features of seismicity are depth-dependent. At shallow depths (<3 km), we find an increase in average stress drop with depth that may be related to the characteristic depth of seismicity (the depth where the frequency of earthquakes is maximum). The b-value is also found to be elevated throughout depths where the seismicity is most intense but then the b-value slowly decreases as depth increases. Another result from our analysis of waveform data is a clear relation between earthquake magnitude and stress-drop in the magnitude range −0.5 to 2.5.