Existence of finite rigidity layer at the base of the Earth’s liquid outer core inferred from anomalous splitting of normal modes
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2002
Received: 25 June 2001
Accepted: 4 January 2002
Published: 20 June 2014
We calculate normal modes for the Earth model, which has a slight rigidity layer at the base of the liquid outer core. We show that such a layer with thickness about 40 km and the shear wave velocity of 0.017 km/sec can produce a normal mode, which has a close eigenfrequency to that of liquid core model, without affecting fundamental modes and most of the higher modes. Our results indicate that the thin finite rigidity layer at the base of the outer core might explain the anomalous splitting of the Earth’s normal modes, which has not been fully explained by the anisotropy in the inner core.