Skip to main content

Astronomically calibrated ages for geomagnetic reversals within the Matuyama chron

Abstract

We present a magnetostratigraphic record from the western Philippine Sea that is tied to a marine δ18O record for the past 2.14 million years. The ages of geomagnetic reversals were astronomically calibrated by tuning the oxygen isotopic stratigraphy, yielding a chronology for the following subchrons: Matuyama/Brunhes boundary, 781 ± 3 ka (slightly above δ18O Stage 19.3); top of the Santa Rosa polarity interval, 920 ± 2 ka (Stage 23/24); base of the Santa Rosa polarity interval, 925 ± 1 ka (Stage 24); top of the Jaramillo subchron, 988 ± 3 ka (Stage 27); base of the Jaramillo subchron, 1072 ± 2 ka (Stage 31); top of the Cobb Mountain subchron, 1173 ± 4 ka (Stage 35/36); base of the Cobb Mountain subchron, 1185 ± 5 ka (Stage 36); top of the Olduvai subchron, 1778 ± 3 ka (Stage 63/64); base of the Olduvai subchron, 1945 ± 4 ka (Stage 71/72); top of the Réunion II subchron, 2118 ± 3 ka (Stage 80/81); and base of the Réunion II subchron, 2133 ± 5 ka (Stage 81). This astronomically calibrated chronology independently confirms the ages of major reversals in recently published astronomically calibrated polarity timescales for the Matuyama chron. It also provides the first astronomically calibrated dates for the lower and upper reversals associated with the Cobb Mountain and Santa Rosa polarity intervals, respectively.

References

  • Baksi, A. K. and K. A. Hoffman, On the age and morphology of the Reunion event, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 2997–3000, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Baksi, A. K., V. Hsu, M. O. McWilliams, and E. Farrar, Ar/Ar dating of the Brunhes-Matuyama geomagnetic field reversal, Science, 256, 356–357, 1992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Baksi, A. K., K. A. Hoffman, and M. McWilliams, Testing the accuracy of the geomagnetic polarity time-scale (GPTS) at 2–5 Ma, utilizing Ar/ Ar incremental heating data on whole-rock basalts, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 118, 135–144, 1993.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bassinot, F. C, L. D. Labeyrie, E. Vincent, X. Quidelleur, N. J. Shackleton, and Y. Lancelot, The astronomical theory of climate and the age of the Brunhes-Matuyama magnetic reversal, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 126, 91–108, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Berggren, W. A., F. J. Hilgen, C. G. Langereis, D. V. Kent, J. D. Obradovich, I. Raffi, M. E. Raymo, and N. J. Shackleton, Late Neogene chronology: New perspectives in high-resolution stratigraphy, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull, 107, 1272–1287, 1995.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Burns, C. A., Timing between a large impact and a geomagnetic reversal and the depth of NRM acquisition in deep-sea sediments, in Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism, edited by F. J. Lowes et al, pp. 253–261, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1989.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Champion, D. E., M. A. Lanphere, and M. A. Kuntz, Evidence for a new geomagnetic reversal from lava flows in Idaho: Discussion of short polarity reversals in the Brunhes and late Matuyama polarity chrons, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 11667–11680, 1988.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Channell, J. E. T. and H. F. Kleiven, Geomagnetic palaeointensities and astrochronological ages for the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary and the boundaries of the Jaramillo subchron: Palaeomagnetic and oxygen isotope records from ODP Site 983, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., A358, 1027–1047, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Clement, B. M., D. V. Kent, and N. D. Opdyke, A synthesis of magnetostratigraphic results from Pliocene-Pleistocene sediments cored using the hydraulic piston corer, Paleoceanography11, 299–308, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cui, Y. L., K. L. Verosub, and A. P. Roberts, The effect of maghemitization on large multi-domain magnetite, Geophys. Res. Lett, 21, 757–760, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • deMenocal, P. B., W. F. Ruddiman, and D. V. Kent, Depth of post-depositional remanence acquisition in deep-sea sediments: A case study of the Brunhes-Matuyama reversal and oxygen isotopic Stage 19.1, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 99, 1–13, 1990.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Doell, R. R., G. B. Dalrymple, R. L. Smith, and R. A. Bailey, Paleomagnetism, potassium-argon ages, and geology of rhyolites and associated rocks of the Valles Caldera, New Mexico, Mem. Geol. Soc. Am., 116, 211–248, 1968.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hilgen, F. J., Astronomical calibration of Gauss to Matuyama sapropels in the Mediterranean and implication for the geomagnetic polarity time scale, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 104, 226–244, 1991.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Horng, C.S., A. P. Roberts, and W.-T. Liang, A 2.14-million-year astronomically-tuned record of relative geomagnetic paleointensity from the western Philippine Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 2002 (in press).

  • Izett, G. A. and J. D. Obradovich, Ar/Ar age constraints for the Jaramillo normal subchron and the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic boundary, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 2925–2934, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kent, D. V., Post-depositional remanent magnetization in deep-sea sediment, Nature, 246, 32–33, 1973.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kidane, T., J. Carlut, V. Courtillot, Y. Gallet, X. Quidelleur, P. Y. Gillot, and T. Haile, Paleomagnetic and geochronological identification of the Reunion subchron in Ethiopian Afar, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 10405–10419, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Langereis, C. G., M. J. Dekkers, G. J. de Lange, M. Paterne, and P. J. M. van Santvoort, Magnetostratigraphy and astronomical calibration of the last 1.1 Myr from an eastern Mediterranean piston core and dating of short events in the Brunhes, Geophys. J. Int., 129, 75–94, 1997.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Laskar, J., F. Joutel, and F. Boudin, Orbital, precessional, and insolation quantities for the earth from -20 Myr to +10 Myr, Astron. Astrophys., 270, 522–533, 1993.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lee, M.-Y. and K.-Y. Wei, Australasian microtektites in the South China Sea and the West Philippine Sea: Implications for age, size and location of the impact crater, Meteorit. Planet. Sci., 35, 1151–1156, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lourens, L. J., A. Antonarakou, F. J. Hilgen, A. A. M. van Hoof, C. Vergnaud-Grazzini, and W. J. Zachariasse, Evaluation of the Plio-Pleistocene astronomical timescale, Paleoceanography, 11, 391–413, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Maenaka, K., Magnetostratigraphic study of the Osaka Group, with special reference to the existence of pre- and post-Jaramillo episodes in the late Matuyama polarity epoch, Mem. Hanazono Univ., 14, 1–65, 1983.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mankinen, E. A., J. M. Donnelly, and C. S. Gromme, Geomagnetic polarity event recorded at 1.1 m.y. B.P. on Cobb Mountain, Clear Lake volcanic field, California, Geology, 6, 653–656, 1978.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McDougall, I. and N. D. Watkins, Age and duration of the Reunion geomagnetic polarity event, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 19, 443–452, 1973.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McDougall, I., F. H. Brown, T. E. Cerling, and J. W. Hillhouse, A reappraisal of the geomagnetic polarity time scale to 4 Ma using data from the Turkana Basin, east Africa, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 2349–2352, 1992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moskowitz, B. M., M. Jackson, and C. Kissel, Low-temperature magnetic behavior of titanomagnetites, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 157, 141–149, 1998.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nenova, P. I., “Fe23”: A computer program for calculating the number of Fe+ and Fe+ ions in minerals, Comput. Geosci., 23, 215–219, 1997.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Özdemir, Ö., D. J. Dunlop, and B. M. Moskowitz, The effect of oxidation on the Verwey transition in magnetite, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1671–1674, 1993.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Paillard, D., L. Labeyrie, and P. Yiou, Macintosh program performs time-series analysis, EOS Trans. AGU, 77, 379, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Raffi, I., J. Backman, D. Rio, and N. J. Shackleton, Plio-Pleistocene nan-nofossil biostratigraphy and calibration to oxygen isotope stratigraphies from Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 607 and Ocean Drilling Program Site 677, Paleoceanography, 8, 387–408, 1993.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Raymo, M. E., W. F. Ruddiman, J. Backman, B. M. Clement, and D. G. Martinson, Late Pliocene variation in Northern Hemisphere ice sheets and North Atlantic deep water circulation, Paleoceanography, 4, 413–446, 1989.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Roger, S., C. Coulon, N. Thouveny, G. Feraud, A. van Velzen, S. Fauquette, J. J. Cocheme, M. Prevot, and K. L. Verosub, Ar/Ar dating of atephra layer in the Pliocene Seneze maar lacustrine sequence (French Massif Central): constraint on the age of the Reunion-Matuyama transition and implications on paleoenvironmental archives, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 183, 431–440, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ruddiman, W. F., M. E. Raymo, D. G. Martinson, B. M. Clement, and J. Backman, Pleistocene evolution: Northern Hemisphere ice sheets and North Atlantic Ocean, Paleoceanography, 4, 353–412, 1989.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shackleton, N. J., The 100,000-year ice-age cycle identified and found to lag temperature, carbon dioxide, and orbital eccentricity, Science, 289, 1897–1902, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shackleton, N. J. and N. G. Pisias, Atmospheric carbon dioxide, orbital forcing, and climate, in The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2: Natural Variations, Archean to present, edited by E. T. Sundquist and W. S. Broeker, AGU Geophys. Monogr., 32, pp. 412–417, 1985.

  • Shackleton, N. J., A. Berger, and W. R. Peltier, An alternative astronomical calibration of the lower Pleistocene timescale based on ODP Site 677, Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 81, 251–261, 1990.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shackleton, N. J., S. Crowhurst, T. Hagelberg, N. G. Pisias, and D. A. Schneider, A new Late Neogene time scale: Application to Leg 138 sites, Proc. ODP Sci. Results, 138, 73–101, 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  • Singer, B. S. and L. L. Brown, The Santa Rosa event: Ar/Ar and paleomagnetic results from the Valles rhyolite near Jaramillo Creek, Jemez Mountains, New Mexico, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 197, 51–64, 2002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Singer, B. S. and M. S. Pringle, Age and duration of the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic polarity reversal from Ar/Ar incremental heating analyses of lavas, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 139, 47–61, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Singer, B. S., K. A. Hoffman, A. Chauvin, R. S. Coe, and M. S. Pringle, Dating transitionally magnetized lavas of the late Matuyama chron: Toward a new Ar/Ar timescale of reversals and events, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 679–693, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Spell, T. L. and I. McDougall, Revisions to the Brunhes-Matuyama boundary and the Pleistocene geomagnetic polarity timescale, Geophys. Res. Lett, 19, 1181–1184, 1992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Takatsugi, K. O. and M. Hyodo, A geomagnetic excursion during the late Matuyama chron, the Osaka Group, southwest Japan, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 136, 511–524, 1995.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tauxe, L., T. Herbert, N. J. Shackleton, and Y. S. Kok, Astronomical calibration of the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary: Consequences for magnetic remanence acquisition in marine carbonates and the Asian loess sequences, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 140, 133–146, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tiedemann, R. and G. H. Haug, Astronomical calibration of cycle stratigraphy for site 882 in the Northwest Pacific, Proc. ODP Sci. Res., 145, 283–292, 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tiedemann, R., M. Sarnthein, and N. J. Shackleton, Astronomic timescale for the Pliocene Atlantic δ18O and dust flux records of Ocean Drilling Program site 659, Paleoceanography, 9, 619–638, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Turrin, B. D., J. M. Donnelly-Nolan, and B. C. Hearn, 40Ar/39Ar ages from the rhyolite of Alder Creek, California: Age of the Cobb Mountain normal-polarity subchron revisited, Geology, 22, 251–254, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Van Velzen, A. J. and J. D. A. Zijderveld, Effects of weathering on single-domain magnetite in Early Pliocene marine marls, Geophys. J. Int., 121, 267–278, 1995.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wei, W., Calibration of upper Pliocene-lower Pleistocene nannofossil events with oxygen isotope stratigraphy, Paleoceanography, 8, 85–99, 1993.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Chorng-Shern Horng.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Horng, CS., Lee, MY., Pälike, H. et al. Astronomically calibrated ages for geomagnetic reversals within the Matuyama chron. Earth Planet Sp 54, 679–690 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351719

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351719

Keywords