Open Access

In situ observations of low-density regions inside the plasmasphere

Earth, Planets and Space201456:BF03351796

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351796

Received: 30 January 2004

Accepted: 24 September 2004

Published: 20 June 2014

Abstract

Thermal plasma measurements performed on MAGION 5 (subsatellite of INTERBALL 1) in the plasmasphere of the Earth are analyzed in conjunction with simultaneous solar wind data and ground-based ionospheric measurements in quiet geomagnetic conditions, during and after geomagnetic storms. In situ satellite observations reveal the existence of long-lived (2–3 days) depleted regions (MLT width 1.5–2 hours) in the plasmasphere that extend out from L 3. These observations well correspond to ‘notch’ or ‘bite-out’ regions found by the IMAGE spacecraft. Possible reasons for the formation of low-density regions are discussed.

Key words

Plasmasphere plasmapause thermal plasma geomagnetic activity