Open Access

Photometric and polarimetric observations and model simulations of (216) Kleopatra

Earth, Planets and Space201456:BF03351797

Received: 15 January 2004

Accepted: 21 August 2004

Published: 20 June 2014


We performed photometric and polarimetric observations, on November 8 and 9, 1999, of an M-type main belt asteroid, (216) Kleopatra by using the HBS spectropolarimeter installed at Dodaira observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ). Photometric amplitude of lightcurve in the V band was 0.12 mag, and the averaged degree of polarization was -1.01±0.1%. It seems that the polarimetric data might also show a slight change in the degree of polarization (0.2%) at the second minimum of the photometric lightcurve, but we could not confirm that the feature was real because of the large errors of data. With the assumption that the surface is uniform, we have carried out lightcurve simulations based on shape models by Ostro et al. (2000), Tanga et al. (2001) and Roche binary (Cellino et al., 1985). The results of simulations were compared to the configurations of lightcurves which had been obtained at different 4 geometric positions (1980, 1982, 1987 and 1999). The model by Cellino et al. (1985) reproduced almost all the data points without the 1987 observations within 0.05 mag., which is the best result among the 3 models. The model by Tanga et al. (2001) well reproduced the lightcurves, but failed in reproducing the 1982 amplitude (difference Δdiff 0.2 mag.). We also confirmed that the model by Ostro et al. (2000) could not explain the observed lightcurves.

Key words

(216) Kleopatra polarimetry photometry Roche Binary lightcurve simulation