The dynamical behavior of the earth’s magnetosphere based on laboratory simulation
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2004
Received: 17 May 2004
Accepted: 24 September 2004
Published: 20 June 2014
A laboratory simulation experiment was performed to observe the dynamical behavior of the earth’s magnetosphere, based upon the earthward electric field measurement in the magnetotail. The simulation was examined to satisfy the MHD scaling laws. The earthward electric field, E x , is the signature of the current density based on j × B force in the tail, described by Podgorny (1978). The effect of the solar wind dynamic pressure to the earthward electric field, E x , was investigated. The solar wind density was changed while the other parameters were kept almost constant. It is found that the E x is modulated by the change in the solar wind dynamic pressure. The result also shows that the current continued to flow in the near earth region even after the solar wind had stopped. This result shows a similar resemblance to that of the particle confinement in the radiation belt of the real magnetosphere.