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A first paleomagnetic and rock magnetic investigation of calcareous nodules from the Chinese Loess Plateau

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A detailed paleomagnetic and rock magnetic investigation was carried out on calcareous nodule layers embedded in the loess-paleosol sequences near Baoji city, southern Chinese Loess Plateau. The anisotropy of low-field magnetic susceptibility confirms that calcareous nodules retain the primary sedimentary fabric of original deposits. Rock magnetic properties demonstrate that calcareous nodules have the same mineralogy and grain sizes as loess-paleosol deposits. Characteristic remanent magnetizations of calcareous nodules have directions consistent with those of adjacent loess and paleosol deposits. The Punaruu event, previously found from loess deposits in the upper part of loess unit L13 in Weinan, southern Chinese Loess Plateau, is observed at the corresponding stratigraphic level in the calcareous nodule layer. These observations indicate that the calcareous nodule layers preserve primary remanent magnetizations of original deposits before calcification, and that they can contribute to paleomagnetic studies in the Chinese Loess Plateau.


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Correspondence to Tianshui Yang.

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Yang, T., Hyodo, M., Yang, Z. et al. A first paleomagnetic and rock magnetic investigation of calcareous nodules from the Chinese Loess Plateau. Earth Planet Sp 57, 29–34 (2005) doi:10.1186/BF03351803

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Key words

  • Calcareous nodule
  • loess
  • paleomagnetism
  • rock magnetism
  • magnetostratigraphy
  • polarity transition
  • Punaruu event