A 3-D current system of an ionospheric dynamo including a skin effect in an anisotropic plasma
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2005
Received: 17 March 2004
Accepted: 15 December 2004
Published: 20 June 2014
The numerical two-mode electromagnetic model of an ionospheric dynamo is constructed taking into account a skin effect of a field in an anisotropic plasma, i.e. a non-potential electric field of Sq-variations in the ionosphere. It is shown that a three-dimensional current system generated by the dynamo action of winds is located at altitudes less than about 200 km basically. It does not depend on an ionosphere condition in upper layers and weaker field-aligned currents between the northern and southern hemispheres practically, and an almost complete closed current circuit is generated in the dynamo layer.