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  • Article
  • Open Access

A 3-D current system of an ionospheric dynamo including a skin effect in an anisotropic plasma

Earth, Planets and Space201457:BF03351804

  • Received: 17 March 2004
  • Accepted: 15 December 2004
  • Published:


The numerical two-mode electromagnetic model of an ionospheric dynamo is constructed taking into account a skin effect of a field in an anisotropic plasma, i.e. a non-potential electric field of Sq-variations in the ionosphere. It is shown that a three-dimensional current system generated by the dynamo action of winds is located at altitudes less than about 200 km basically. It does not depend on an ionosphere condition in upper layers and weaker field-aligned currents between the northern and southern hemispheres practically, and an almost complete closed current circuit is generated in the dynamo layer.

Key words

  • Ionospheric dynamo
  • skin effect
  • non-potential electric field
  • Sq-variation