Open Access

Compound fault rupture during the 2004 off the Kii Peninsula earthquake (M 7.4) inferred from highly resolved coseismic sea-surface deformation

Earth, Planets and Space200557:BF03351810

Received: 30 November 2004

Accepted: 25 February 2005

Published: 31 December 2005


For a tsunami inversion analysis, we incorporated a new technique that uses many Green’s functions to improve model spatial resolution. Since this method precisely reproduces observed tsunami waveforms, we can obtain a better model of the tsunami source process. We applied the proposed method to the 2004 off the Kii Peninsula earthquake to determine what fault or faults ruptured to cause the earthquake. The estimated coseismic sea-surface deformation extended to two directions, and it was consistent with the distributions of the two aftershock swarms. Hence, we concluded that the earthquake resulted from the rupture of two faults.