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  • Letter
  • Open Access

Crustal deformations in Kii peninsula associated with the SE off the Kii peninsula earthquake sequence of September 5, 2004 derived from dense GPS observations

  • 16Email author,
  • 16,
  • 16,
  • 16,
  • 16,
  • 16 and
  • 16
Earth, Planets and Space201457:BF03351813

  • Received: 30 November 2004
  • Accepted: 5 March 2005
  • Published:


We present crustal deformations in southern Kii peninsula, southwest Japan, before and after the SE off the Kii peninsula earthquake sequence of September 5, 2004, which were obtained from repeated surveys of dense GPS network. Disaster Prevention Research Institute (hereafter DPRI), Kyoto University made a reoccupation of their dense GPS network network that was occupied in February-March, 2004, right after the event to obtain crustal deformations associated with this event. Since we do not have the data just before the event, we apply an inversion of displacements of GEONET sites during the period from February-March to August, and interpolate displacements at DPRI’s sites using the inverted fault model. Southward movements of about 2 cm are obtained in the middle of Kii peninsula, while displacements are rotated to southwest on the west side. These characteristics of horizontal displacement field cannot be explained only by a pure thrust faulting, but additional sources such as right-lateral faulting on a NW-SE trending fault are required.

  • SE off the Kii peninsula earthquakes
  • GPS
  • crustal deformation
  • fault model