Open Access

Long-period ground motion simulation in the Kinki area during the MJ 7.1 foreshock of the 2004 off the Kii peninsula earthquakes

Earth, Planets and Space201457:BF03351815

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351815

Received: 9 December 2004

Accepted: 4 March 2005

Published: 20 June 2014

Abstract

Long-period (5–20 s) ground motion simulations in the Kinki area during the MJ 7.1 foreshock of the 2004 off the Kii peninsula earthquakes are performed. We construct a three-dimensional underground structure model that includes the source region and Osaka basin area to confirm propagation-path effects of crustal structure on long-period ground motions. Finite difference (FD) simulations by our three-dimensional underground structure model agree well with long-period observed ground motions at several rock sites in the Kinki area. We found that a sedimentary wedge structure along the Nankai trough amplifies and elongates long-period ground motions from this event. We also examine the effect of source depth for this event by comparing the observed with synthetic waveforms. These results suggest that precise modeling of the shallower parts of the underground structure, such as the sedimentary wedge, are quite important for long-period ground motion simulation of the hypothetical Nankai and Tonankai earthquakes.

Key words

Long-period ground motion simulationforeshock of the 2004 off the Kii peninsula earthquakesKinki areaFDMunderground structure model