- Open Access
Long-period ground motions from a large offshore earthquake: The case of the 2004 off the Kii peninsula earthquake, Japan
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2005
Received: 6 December 2004
Accepted: 7 March 2005
Published: 20 June 2014
The 2004 off the Kii Peninsula earthquake excited long-period ground motions over a wide area of Honshu Island of Japan. This remarkable excitation was observed in the Osaka, Nobi, and Kanto basins as well as in the Omaezaki region. The record section indicates two types of developed long-period motions by the basin surface waves, either by the source or passage effect of the shallow and large offshore earthquake. Their combination resulted in the well-developed long-period ground motions observed within the distant basins as those during the 1985 Michoacan and 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquakes did. The distributions of pseudo-velocity response spectra confirmed this development at periods of 5–7 s in the Osaka and Nobi basins and of 7–10 s in the Kanto basin. The comparison of the distributions with the thicknesses of the sediments and the S-wave velocities of the surface layers shows that these characteristics of the long-period ground motions are closely related to the structures of the basins. The earthquake provided a timely warning of damaging long-period ground motions from future megathrust events in the Tonankai, Nankai, and Tokai regions.