Open Access

Three-dimensional magnetization vector inversion of a seamount

Earth, Planets and Space201457:BF03351849

Received: 16 February 2004

Accepted: 1 August 2005

Published: 20 June 2014


A three-dimensional non-uniform magnetic modeling is proposed to obtain information about a magnetization of a seamount, which was divided into many blocks modeled by layered and rectangular prisms, and parameters were assigned to each block describing magnetic three components. Our data were the magnetic total force on the sea. A set of linear observation equations was formulated in terms of three components of magnetization for each block. The solution was obtained by using the conjugate gradients method because of its fast and accurate advantages of calculation. In this inversion, a common set of three components was defined for several blocks to decrease the number of unknown parameters. A computer program has been tested with artificial data and applied to data of Daiichi Kashima Seamount observed during the first phase of the Kaiko project carried out with the R/V Jean Charcot in 1984. In the real application, the crustal structure was divided into three layers (top depth to 5 km depth, 5–6.5 km depth and 6.5–8 km depth). The result of the inversion shows that the top portion and the submerged western half of this seamount are covered with the low magnetization layers, and in the middle layer (5–6.5 km depth) of eastern half side, declinations, inclinations and intensities are almost northward, 15° and 3–5 A/m, respectively. In the third layer (6.5–8 km depth), the reverse magnetizations are revealed in the southeastern and northern sides of Daiichi Kashima Seamount and around Katori Seamount. These reverse magnetizations may reflect part of the magnetic lineations of the Pacific plate.

Key words

Magnetization vector magnetic modeling non-uniform magnetization