Skip to main content

Volume 57 Supplement 8

Special Issue: Applications and Interpretation of Modern Magnetic Surveys

Subsurface structural mapping of Gebel El-Zeit area, Gulf of Suez, Egypt using aeromagnetic data


The Gebel El-Zeit area is located on the western coast of the Gulf of Suez, Egypt. The areas in/and around the Gulf of Suez are generally important due to their hydrocarbon resources. In this study, we have applied gradient interpretation techniques (Euler deconvolution and analytic signal) to the aeromagnetic data of the Gebel El-Zeit area. The main objective of this study is to identify and delineate the possible subsurface structure of the area that may assist in locating new hydrocarbon prospects. Results of Euler method suggested that, on the eastern and western parts of the area, the basement could be observed on the ground (~50 m over the ground) and became more deeper on the central part to reach depth of 5 km (from the ground level). Results from the analytic signal method indicated that, the depth to the basement has an average value of 156 m on the eastern side and 758 m on the western side. Generally, the area is characterized by a graben structure bounded by major faults striking in the NW-SE direction.


  • Aero Service, Final operational report of airborne magnetic/radiation survey in the Eastern Desert, Egypt, for the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation, Aero Service Division, Houston, Texas, Six Volumes, Western Geophysical Company of America, 1984.

    Google Scholar 

  • Affleck, J., Magnetic anomaly trend and spacing pattern, Geophysics, 28, 379–395, 1963.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Allam, A., A Lithostratigraphical and structural study on Gebel El-Zeit area, Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 7, 933–944, 1988.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Angelier, J., Extension and rifting: the Zeit region, Gulf of Suez, Journal of Structural Geology, 7(5), 605–612, 1985.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Atchuta R. D., H. V. Ram Babu, and P. V. Sanker, Narayan Interpretation of magnetic anomalies due to dikes: the complex gradient method, Geophysics, 46, 1572–1578, 1981.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Barbosa, V. C. F., J. B. C. Silva, and W. E. Mederios, Stability analysis and improvement of structural index estimation in Euler deconvolution, Geophysics, 64, 48–60, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blakely, R. J., Potential Theory in Gravity and Magnetic Applications, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1995.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Colletta, B., P. Le Quellec, J. Letouzey, and I. Moretti, Longitudinal evolution of the Suez rift structure (Egypt), Tectonophysics, 153, 221–233, 1988.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Conoco, Geologic map of Egypt, Scale 1: 500 000 Coral Inc. Cairo, Egypt, 1987.

  • Farouk, A. M., A geophysical studies on the area between Wadi Dara and Gebel El-Zeit, Gulf of Suez district, U.A.R. for Petroleum Exploration, Assiute University, M.Sc. thesis, 1965.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hall, S. A., A total intensity aeromagnetic map of the Red Sea and its interpretation, US Geol. Surv. Saudi Arabian project Report, pp. 275–260, 1979.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hood, P., Gradient measurements in aeromagnetic surveying, Geophysics, 30, 891–902, 1965.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hsu, S. K., J. C. Sibunet, and C. T. Shyu, High-resolution detection of geologic boundaries from potential field anomalies. An enhanced analytic signal technique, Geophysics, 61, 373–386, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hsu, S. K., D. Coppens, and C. T. Shyu, Depth to magnetic source using the generalized analytic signal, Geophysics, 63, 1947–1957, 1998.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jackson, J. A., N. J. White, Z. Garfunkel, and H. Anderson, Relations between normal-fault geometry, tilting and vertical motions in the exten-sional terrains: an example from the southern Gulf of Suez, Journal of Structural Geology, 10(2), 155–170, 1988.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • MacLeod, I. N., K. Jones, and T. F. Dai, 3-D analytic signal in the interpretation of total magnetic field data at low magnetic latitudes, Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Brazilian Society of Geophysicists, 1993.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nabighian, M. N., The analytical signal of two-dimensional magnetic bodies with polygonal cross-section, its properties and use for automated interpretation, Geophysics, 37, 507–517, 1972.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nabighian, M. N., Additional comment on the analytical signal of two-dimensional magnetic bodies with polygonal cross-section, Geophysics, 39, 85–92, 1974.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nabighian, M. N., Towards a three dimensional automatic interpretation of potential field data via generalized Hilbert transform, Fundamental relations, Geophysics, 47, 780–786, 1984.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ravat, D., Analysis of the Euler method and its applicability in environmental magnetic investigations, Journal of Environmental Engineering Geophysics, 1, 229–238, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Reid, A. B., J. M. Allsop, H. Granser, A. J. Millett, and I. W. Somerton, Magnetic interpretation in three dimensions using Euler Deconvolution, Geophysics, 55, 80–90, 1990.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Roest, W. R., J. Verheof, and M. Pilkington, Magnetic interpretation using the 3-D analytic signal, Geophysics, 57, 116–125, 1992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Salem, A., A. Elsirafi, and K. Ushijima, Design and application of highResolution aeromagnetic survey over Gebel Duwi Area and its offshore extension, Egypt, Mem. Fac. Eng., Kyushu Univ., 59(3), 201–213, 1999.

    Google Scholar 

  • Salem, A., D. Ravat, M. Mushyandebvu, and K. Ushijima, Linearized least-squares method for interpretation of potential-field data from sources of simple geometry, Geophysics, 69, 783–788, 2004.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Taha, A., B. Hoda, and A. Fadel, Minimizing the Exploration Risk by Using 3DVSP. International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition, Cairo, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thompson, D. T., EULDEPTH: A new technique for making computerassisted depth from magnetic data, Geophysics, 47, 31–37, 1982.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thurston, J. B. and R. S. Smith, Automatic conversions of magnetic data to depth, dip, and susceptibility contrast using the SPI (TM) method, Geophysics, 62, 807–813, 1997.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Essam Aboud.

Rights and permissions

Open Access  This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Aboud, E., Salem, A. & Ushijima, K. Subsurface structural mapping of Gebel El-Zeit area, Gulf of Suez, Egypt using aeromagnetic data. Earth Planet Sp 57, 755–760 (2005).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Key words

  • Gebel El-Zeit area
  • magnetic
  • euler deconvolution
  • analytic signal
  • Gulf of Suez
  • Egypt