Open Access

New parameterization of external and induced fields in geomagnetic field modeling, and a candidate model for IGRF 2005

Earth, Planets and Space201457:BF03351897

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351897

Received: 22 December 2004

Accepted: 23 June 2005

Published: 20 June 2014

Abstract

When deriving spherical harmonic models of the Earth’s magnetic field, low-degree external field contributions are traditionally considered by assuming that their expansion coefficient q 1 0 varies linearly with the Dst-index, while induced contributions are considered assuming a constant ratio Q1 of induced to external coefficients. A value of Q1 = 0.27 was found from Magsat data and has been used by several authors when deriving recent field models from Èrsted and CHAMP data. We describe a new approach that considers external and induced field based on a separation of Dst = Est + Ist into external (Est) and induced (Ist) parts using a 1D model of mantle conductivity. The temporal behavior of q 1 0 and of the corresponding induced coefficient are parameterized by Est and Ist, respectively. In addition, we account for baseline-instabilities of Dst by estimating a value of q 1 0 for each of the 67 months of Èrsted and CHAMP data that have been used. We discuss the advantage of this new parameterization of external and induced field for geomagnetic field modeling, and describe the derivation of candidate models for IGRF 2005.

Key words

Geomagnetic Reference ModelIGRF/DGRFmagnetospheric currentsinductionspherical harmonic analysis