Special Issue: Special Section for the 2005 West Off Fukuoka Prefecture Earthquake (1)
- Open Access
Coseismic and postseismic surface displacements of the 10 December 2003 (MW 6.5) Chengkung, eastern Taiwan, earthquake
Earth, Planets and Space volume 58, pages 5–21 (2006)
The MW 6.5 Chengkung earthquake occurred in eastern Taiwan at 04:38 UTC on 10 December 2003. The GPS data from eighteen continuously recording stations (CORS) and 86 campaign-surveyed stations (CSS) collected 18 days to 9 months before and 6 days to 4 months after the main shock are utilized to analyze the coseismic and postseismic deformation associated with the Chengkung earthquake. The earthquake resulted from rupturing of the Chihshang fault, a 25-km-long segment of the Longitudinal Valley Fault (LVF). The coseismic horizontal displacements in the hanging wall showed a fan-shape distribution with vectors towards the west. On the other hand, the movements of the revealed a mirror fan-shape with relatively lesser amounts of displacement. The largest coseismic displacement, which reached 126 mm and 263 mm in the horizontal and vertical components, occurred near the epicenter area in the hanging wall. The largest postseismic displacements in 109 days, which approached 59 mm and 68 mm in the horizontal and vertical components, occurred near the surface trace of the Chihshang fault (TAPO) and near the epicenter area (CHEN), respectively. The stations near the Chihshang fault indicated a more significant postseismic displacement than coseismic one.
Angelier, J., H. T. Chu, and J. C. Lee, Shear concentration in a collision zone: kinematics of the active Chihshang Fault, Longitudinal Valley, eastern Taiwan, Tectonophysics, 274, 117–144, 1997.
Angelier, J., H. T. Chu, J. C. Lee, and J. C. Hu, Active faulting and earthquake risk: the Chihshang Fault case, Taiwan, J. Geodynamics, 29, 151–185, 2000.
Barrier, E., J. Angelier, H. T. Chu, and L. S. Teng, Tectonic analysis of compressional in an active collision zone: the deformation of Pinanshan Conglomerates, eartern Taiwan, Proc. Geol. Soc. China, 25, 123–138, 1982.
Bock, Y., R. M. Nikolaidis, P. J. de Jonge, and M. Bevis, Instantaneous geodetic positioning at medium distances with the Global Positioning System, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 28,223–28,253, 2000.
Broadband array in Taiwan for seismology (BATS), http://bats.earth.sinica.edu.tw/, 2003.
Central Weather Bureau (CWB) earthquake report, http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V4e/index.htm/V4e/index.htm, 2003.
Chen, H. Y., L. C. Kuo, W. S. Chung, and S. B. Yu, Using Quasi Ionosphere-Free Post-Processing Algorithm on The Medium-Range Kinematic High Accuracy GPS Relative Positioning, Wuhan University Journal of Natural Sciences, 8(2b), 610–618, 2003.
Cheng, L. W., J. C. Lee, Y. M. Wu, and J. C. Hu, Inversion of coseismic deformation of Chengkung Earthquake in eastern Taiwan revealed by strong motion and continuous GPS, in AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 2004.
Hugentobler, U., S. Schaer, and P. Fridez, Bernese GPS software Version 4.2, 515 pp., Astro. Inst., Univ. of Berne, Berne, Switzerland, 2001.
Hwang, C. W., L. H. Lee, S. B. Yu, and H. Y. Chen, Single and multiepoch analyses of GPS baseline network: Application to coordinate and velocity determinations in central Taiwan, J. Surv. Eng., 130(2), 86–94, 2004.
Jackson, D. D., A. Cheng, and C. C. Liu, Tectonic Motions and systematic Errors in Leveling and Trilateration Data for California, Tectonophysics, 97, 73–83, 1983.
Lee, J. C. and J. Angelier, Localisation des d’eformations actives et traitements des données géodésiques: l’example de la faille de la Vallée Longitudinal, Taïwan, Bull. Soc. Géol. France, 164(4), 533–540, 1993.
Lee, J. C., J. Angelier, H. T. Chu, S. B. Yu, and J. C. Hu, Plate-boundary strain partitioning along the sinistral collision suture of the Philippine and Eurasian plates: Analysis of geodetic data and geological observation in southeastern Taiwan, Tectonics, 17(6), 859–871, 1998.
Lee, J. C., J. Angelier, H. T. Chu, J. C. Hu, F. S. Jeng, and R. J. Rau, Active Fault Creep Variations at Chihshang, Taiwan, Revealed by Creepmeter Monitoring, 1998—2001, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B11), 2528, doi:10.10129/2003JB002394, 2003.
Page, B. M. and J. Suppe, The Pliocene Lichi melange of Taiwan: its platetectonic and olistostromal origin, Amer. Jour. Sci., 281, 193–227, 1981.
Remondi, B. W. and G. R. Brown, Triple differencing with Kalman filtering: Make it work, GPS Solution, 3(3), 58–64, 2000.
Saastamoinen, I. I., Contribution to the theory of atmospheric refraction, Bull. Geod., 107, 13–24, 1973.
Shyu, J. B. H., K. Sieh, L. H. Chung, Y. G. Chen, and Y. Wang, The active tectonics of eastern Taiwan-new insights from the two geomorphic tablelands (“the Feet”) in the Longitudinal Valley, EOS, Trans., Am. Geophys. Uni., 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract T61B–1278, 2002.
Smith, S. W. and M. Wyss, Displacement on the San Andreas fault subsequent to the 1966 parkfield earthquake, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 58, 1955–1973, 1968.
Teng, L. S. and Y. Wang, Island arc system of the Coastal Range, eastern Taiwan, Proc. Geol. Soc. China, 24, 99–112, 1981.
Williams, P. L. and H.W. Magistrale, slip along the Superstition Hills fault associated with the 24 November 1987 Superstition Hills, California, earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 79, 390–410, 1989.
Yu, S. B. and L. C. Kuo, Present-day crustal motion along the Longitudinal Valley fault, eastern Taiwan, Tectonophysics, 333, 199–217, 2001.
Yu, S. B. and C. C. Liu, Fault creep on the central segment of the Longitudinal Valley fault, eastern Taiwan, Proc. Geol. Soc. China, 32(3), 209–231, 1989.
Yu, S. B., D. D. Jackson, G. K. Yu, and C. C. Liu, Dislocation model for crustal deformation in the Longitudinal Valley area, eastern Taiwan, Tectonophysics, 183, 97–109, 1990.
Yu, S. B., G. K. Yu, L. C. Kuo, and C. Lee, Crustal deformation in the southern Longitudinal Valley area, eastern Taiwan, J. Geol. Soc. China, 35(3), 219–230, 1992.
Yu, S. B., H. Y. Chen, and L. C. Kuo, Velocity field of GPS stations in the Taiwan area, Tectonophysics, 274, 41–59, 1997.
Yu, S. B., Y. J. Hsu, L. C. Kuo, H. Y. Chen, and C. C. Liu, GPS measurement of postseismic deformation following the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B11), 2520, 10.1029/2003JB002396, 2003.
Zhang, J., Y. Bock, H. Johnson, P. Fang, S. Williams, J. Genrich, S. Wdowinski, and J. Behr, Southern California Permanent GPS Geodetic Array: Error Analysis of Daily Position Estimates and Site Velocities, J. Geophys. Res., 102(B8), 18035–18055, 1997.
About this article
Cite this article
Chen, HY., Yu, SB., Kuo, LC. et al. Coseismic and postseismic surface displacements of the 10 December 2003 (MW 6.5) Chengkung, eastern Taiwan, earthquake. Earth Planet Sp 58, 5–21 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351908
- Coseismic displacement
- postseismic deformation
- Chengkung earthquake
- Longitudinal Valley Fault