Rupture process of the 2005 West Off Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, earthquake
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2006
Received: 10 August 2005
Accepted: 7 December 2005
Published: 27 January 2006
The 2005 West off Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, earthquake (MS 6.7) is a moderate-size crustal event. The rupture process of this earthquake was inferred from strong motion data. It is observed regardless of epicentral distance and azimuth that the initial P-wave with a small amplitude continued for 2.5–4 s, suggesting prominent initial rupture. The duration of the initial rupture was estimated to be 3.3 s from travel time analysis. Inversion analysis shows that the initial rupture continued for 3.5 s and the overall rupture finished within 10 s. An area of large slip with two peaks of slip amount appeared to the southeast of the hypocenter, and the location of the large-slip area is consistent with the origin of the main rupture inferred from travel time analysis. Small amount of slip was found at and around the hypocenter, and the rupture velocity was slow there. The seismic moment of this earthquake was estimated to be 5.7 × 1018 Nm (Mw 6.4). The maximum stress drop calculated from the derived slip distribution exceeded 10 MPa. An area of negative stress drop expanded, corresponding to the distribution of small slip. Forward modeling of the observed waveforms suggests that the negative stress drop is not fully attributable to poor resolution of inversion analysis for small amount of slip. Since dynamic stress drop should be positive around the hypocenter so that rupture propagates over the entire fault, it is plausible that the negative stress drop appeared after healing.