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  • Article
  • Open Access

Iberia-Azores Gravity Model (IAGRM) using multi-source gravity data

Earth, Planets and Space200658:BF03351924

  • Received: 20 April 2005
  • Accepted: 27 September 2005
  • Published:


A consistent high precision and high resolution gravity model in the north-east Atlantic off Iberia peninsula using multi-source gravity data, ship-borne and satellite derived gravity anomalies, is presented. A solution strategy based on least squares optimal interpolation was used to assimilate into a coherent gravity model, gravity data with different spectral and spatial resolutions. Satellite derived gravity anomalies from KMS02 model, with an error covariance of 25 mGal2, and marine data carefully edited and validated by bias crossover error adjustment, were used in this study. The observation error variance was determined from ship-borne track adjustment and assigned an independent value for each track determined from error variance propagation. Unbiased ship-borne gravity observations were assimilated into the satellite derived gravity KMS02 model by the least squares optimal interpolation algorithm (OI) with bias removed by applying a regional bias to all ship tracks (OI-b) and alternatively by constraining all ship tracks to KMS02 using bias and tilt (OI-t). External error of the model was determined by comparing with recent surveys and it was verified that OI-t approach improved the final gravity model to an accuracy of about 3 mGal. The effect of different merging approaches on geoid solution was also evaluated and it was verified that the merging process can contribute to improve the geoid accuracy up to 4 cm with the OI-t approach.

Key words

  • Gravity
  • merging techniques
  • Iberia-Azores
  • optimal interpolation