Introducing localized constraints in global geomagnetic field modelling
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2006
Received: 18 November 2004
Accepted: 25 August 2005
Published: 14 April 2006
A set of functions is defined that can be used for modelling the internal part of the geomagnetic field. These functions are represented in term of spherical harmonics of a given maximum degree L and are centred at specific latitudes and longitudes. The number of functions needed and the positions of their centres are such that any potential field of maximum spherical harmonic degree L can be modelled. Formulae are obtained to transform between the potential field representation using these functions and a classic spherical harmonic representation. The shape of these functions can be optimized to make them reasonably localized, and from there it is shown how a localized constraint can be applied to an internal geomagnetic field model. The technique is demonstrated by means of models built from a few months of the Swarm mission synthetic data set.