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The performance of RTK-GPS for surveying under challenging environmental conditions


The aim of this paper was to assess the availability of RTK GPS (Real-Time Kinematic Global Positioning Systems) under some challenging environmental conditions. Testing was performed under two of these conditions, i.e. a small tree-covered garden and a pylon for high-voltage electricity supply. The increase in the number of satellites had many benefits for the integer ambiguity resolution, but no significant contribution to the accuracy of RTK positions and PDOP (Precision Dilution of Position). The results of RTK testing were compared against results from Total Station surveying as a further quality check. The results indicate that integrating RTK GPS system with Total Station is favoured for surveying in urban environments.


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Correspondence to In-Su Lee.

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Lee, I., Ge, L. The performance of RTK-GPS for surveying under challenging environmental conditions. Earth Planet Sp 58, 515–522 (2006).

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Key words

  • Total Station surveying
  • urban environments
  • garden
  • pylon