GPS measurements of horizontal deformation across the Lai Chau—Dien Bien (Dien Bien Phu) fault, in Northwest of Vietnam, 2002-2004
Earth, Planets and Space volume 58, pages 523–528 (2006)
Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements from Feb. 2002 through Mar. 2004 were used to estimate the recent crustal movement along the Lai Chau—Dien Bien (Dien Bien Phu) fault (LC-DBF) system in the Northwest of Vietnam. Four GPS campaign data were processed to estimate ITRF2000 and local horizontal velocities, as well as extensive and compressive strain rates across the LC-DBF. ITRF2000 velocities are consistent with east-southeastward movement of Sundaland i.e. Indochina. Local velocities did not reveal much left-lateral strike-slip of the fault system and the derived strain rates were insignificantly different from zero at 95% confidence.
Altamimi, Z., P. Sillard, and C. Boucher, ITRF2000: A new release of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame for Earth Science Application, J. Geophys. Res., 107(B10), 2214, doi: 10.1029/2001JB000561, 2002.
Becker, M., E. Reinhart, Soeb Bin Nordin, D. Angermann, G. Michel, and Ch. Reigber, Improving the velocity field in South and South-East Asia: The third round of GEODYSSEA, Earth Planets Space, 52, 721–726, 2000.
Burchfiel, B. C., 2003 presidential address: New technology; new geological challenges, GSA Today, 14(2), 4–10, 2004.
DeMets, C., R. G. Gordon, D. F. Argus, and S. Stein, Effect of recent revisions to the geomagnetic reversal time scale on estimates of current plate motions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2191–2194, 1994.
Dong, D., T. A. Herring, and R. W. King, Estimating regional deformation from a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic data, Journal of Geodesy, 72, 200–214, 1998.
Feigl, K. L., R. W. King, and T. H. Jordan, Geodetic measurement of tectonic deformation in the Santa Maria fold and thrust belt, California, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 2679–2699, 1990.
Feigl, K. L., Duong Chi Cong, M. Becker, Tran Dinh To, K. Neumann, and Nguyen Quang Xuyen, Insignificant horizontal strain across the Red River fault near Thac Ba, Vietnam from GPS measurements 1994–2000, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 5, 04707, EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly, Nice, France, 6-11 April 2003.
Ha Minh Hoa, Tran Dinh To, Duong Chi Cong, Vy Quoc Hai, Nguyen Ngoc Lau, and others, Application of GPS for Studying Crustal Movements and the First Results of Recent Displacement of Lai Chau-Dien Bien Fault Zone from Feb. 2002 to Feb. 2003, Scientific Report, Hanoi, 2003.
Herring, T. A., GLOBK: Global Kalman filter VLBI and GPS analysis program, version 10.1, MIT, Cambridge, 2003.
Holt, W. E., N. Chamot-Rooke, X. Le Pichon, A. J. Haines, B. Shen-Tu, and J. Ren, Velocity field in Asia inferred from Quaternary fault slip rates and Global Positioning System observations, J. Geophys. Res., 105(B8), 19,185–19,209, 2000.
King, R. W. and Y. Bock, Documentation for the GAMIT GPS analysis software, release 10.1, MIT, Cambridge, 2003.
King, R. W., F. Shen, B. C. Burchfiel, L. H. Royden, E. Wang, Z. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, J. X. Zhao, and Y. Li, Geodetic measurement of crustal motion in southwest China, Geology, 25(2), 179–182, 1997.
Lacassin, R., H. Maluski, P. H. Leloup, P. Tapponnier, Chaiyan Hinthong, Kanchit Siribhakdi, Saengathit Chuaviroj, and Adul Charoenravat, Tertiary diachronic extrusion and deformation of western Indochina: Structural and 40Ar/39Ar evidence from NW Thailand, J. Geophys. Res., 102(B5), 10,013–10,037, 1997.
Larson, K. M. and D. C. Agnew, Application of the Global Positioning System to crustal deformation measurement: 1. Precision and Accuracy, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 16,547–16,565, 1991.
McCarthy, D. D., IERS Technical Note 21, U.S. Naval Observatory, 1996. Michel, G. W., M. Becker, D. Angermann, Ch. Reigber, and E. Reinhart, Crustal motion in E- and SE-Asia from GPS measurements, Earth Planets Space, 52, 713–720, 2000.
Michel, G. W., Yue Qui Yu, Sheng Yuan Zhu, Ch. Reigber, M. Becker, E. Reinhart, W. Simons, B. Ambrosius, Ch. Vigny, N. Chamot-Rooke, X. Le Pichon, P. Morgan, and S. Matheussen, Crustal motion and block behaviour in SE-Asia from GPS measurements, Earth. Planet. Sci. Lett., 178, 239–244, 2001.
Nguyen Ngoc Lau, Relationship between satellite cut-off angle and elevation accuracy in GPS measurement technique, Journal of Geodesy- Cartography, Vietnamese Society of Geodesy-Cartography, and Remote Sensing, No. 1, p. 35–47, Hanoi, 2002a.
Nguyen Ngoc Lau, Role of atmospheric in high precision GPS data processing, Journal of Geodesy-Cartography, Vietnamese Society of Geodesy-Cartography, and Remote Sensing, No. 2, p. 41–53, Hanoi, 2002b.
Nguyen Van Hung and Hoang Quang Vinh, Moving characteristics of the Lai Chau-Dien Bien Fault zone during Cenozoic, Journal of Geology, Series B, No. 17—18, p. 65–77, Hanoi, 2001.
Rothacher, M. and G. Mader, Combination of antenna phase center offsets and variations: Antenna calibration set IGS 01, http://www.aiub.unibe.ch, 1996.
Vanícek, P. and E. J. Krakiwsky, Geodesy: The Concepts, 2nd ed., North- Holland, 697 pp., 1986.
Wang, Q., P. Z. Zhang, J. T. Freymueller, R. Bilham, K. M. Larson, X. Lai, X. You, Z. Niu, J. Wu, Y. Li, J. Liu, Z. Yang, and Q. Chen, Present-day crustal deformation in China constrained by Global Positioning System measurements, Science, 294, 574–577, 2001.
Wessel, P. and W. H. F. Smith, New, improved version of Generic Mapping Tools released, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. U., 79(47), 579, 1998.
Yun Hong Sic, Application of two dimensional filtering technique for the precision calculation of crustal deformation parameters, Journal of Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography, 018(001), 75–83, 4/2000.
Yun Hong Sic and Hwang Jin Sang, Determination of absolute coordinates of permanent GPS site, Journal of Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography, 019(004), 415–423, 12/2001.
Yun Hong Sic and Hwang Jin Sang, Comparison of positioning algorithms of GPS data processing software for analyzing the ultra long baseline, Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers, 22(3-D), 571–582, 5/2002.
Zhang, Q. and W. Zhu, The initial establishment of the tectonic block motion model of China from space geodetic data, Chinese Science Bulletin, 45(16), 1523–1528, 2000.
About this article
Cite this article
Cong Duong, C., Yun, HS. & Cho, JM. GPS measurements of horizontal deformation across the Lai Chau—Dien Bien (Dien Bien Phu) fault, in Northwest of Vietnam, 2002-2004. Earth Planet Sp 58, 523–528 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351949
- Crustal deformation
- Southeast Asia