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Open Access

Re-estimation of tsunami source of the 1952 Tokachi-oki earthquake

  • Kenji Satake17,
  • Kenji Hirata27,
  • Shigeru Yamaki37 and
  • Yuichiro Tanioka47
Earth, Planets and Space200658:BF03351951

Received: 17 May 2005

Accepted: 4 November 2005

Published: 12 May 2006


Previous studies indicate that the source area of the 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake (M 8.0) was smaller than the comparable 1952 Tokachi-oki earthquake (M 8.2) source. We reinverted the 1952 tsunami waveforms, by adopting higher-resolution tsunami simulation method, and estimating and correcting for clock errors of tide gauges from comparison of the 1952 and 2003 tsunami waveforms. The estimated slip distribution indicates that the 1952 tsunami source area was indeed larger than the 2003 source. The distributions of measured and computed coastal tsunami heights also support this conclusion.

Key words

Tokachi-oki earthquaketsunamitide gaugeKuril trench