Open Access

Report on upgrade of NIS magnetic observatories by the INTAS infrastructure action CRENEGON

  • J. L. Rasson17Email author,
  • A. S. Potapov27,
  • V. E. Korepanov37,
  • S. Y. Khomutov47,
  • V. M. Krasnov57 and
  • J. Bitterly67
Earth, Planets and Space200658:BF03351973

Received: 25 April 2005

Accepted: 26 August 2005

Published: 2 June 2006


We present the overall strategy used to upgrade 9 former USSR observatories to INTERMAGNET standards. The following aspects are discussed: application for funding to the INTAS European ad-hoc agency, choice of observatories to upgrade, choice of the instrumentation to purchase and to install, calibration of the instrumentation and used standards, back-ups, installation of the instrumentation and observatory real estate upgrade, acquisition and communication, training of the observers and documentation, evaluation of the upgrades and management of the project. Several observatories were successfully upgraded and we expect their INTERMAGNET certification soon.

Key words

Observatorygeomagnetic observationsNIS scienceNew Independent StatesRussiaKazakhstanUkraineINTASDIfluxmagnetometerstandard