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  • Article
  • Open Access

Report on upgrade of NIS magnetic observatories by the INTAS infrastructure action CRENEGON

  • 17Email author,
  • 27,
  • 37,
  • 47,
  • 57 and
  • 67
Earth, Planets and Space200658:BF03351973

  • Received: 25 April 2005
  • Accepted: 26 August 2005
  • Published:


We present the overall strategy used to upgrade 9 former USSR observatories to INTERMAGNET standards. The following aspects are discussed: application for funding to the INTAS European ad-hoc agency, choice of observatories to upgrade, choice of the instrumentation to purchase and to install, calibration of the instrumentation and used standards, back-ups, installation of the instrumentation and observatory real estate upgrade, acquisition and communication, training of the observers and documentation, evaluation of the upgrades and management of the project. Several observatories were successfully upgraded and we expect their INTERMAGNET certification soon.

Key words

  • Observatory
  • geomagnetic observations
  • NIS science
  • New Independent States
  • Russia
  • Kazakhstan
  • Ukraine
  • DIflux
  • magnetometer
  • standard