A study on correction equations for the effect of seafloor topography on ocean bottom magnetotelluric data
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2007
Received: 17 June 2005
Accepted: 10 May 2007
Published: 31 August 2007
Consideration of the effect of seafloor topography on ocean bottom magnetotelluric data is needed to estimate a reliable resistivity structure. Selection of the correction equation which precisely takes account of distortions is important when we correct the effect of seafloor topography with forward modeling. Corrections of synthetic data based on three different correction equations are carried out, and the corrected responses and the true response are compared to investigate which correction equation is the best in application to distorted magnetotelluric data on the seafloor. Differences in the corrected responses are remarkable at periods shorter than several thousands seconds. These differences are caused by differences in treatment of the distortions of magnetic field and in robustness of the correction equation to a resistivity structure assumed for the topographic correction. The results suggest that the correction equation of Nolasco et al. (1998) should be used because it better accommodates the estimation of unknown resistivity structures. We apply the correction equation of Nolasco et al. (1998) to a response observed in the Mariana area. The one-dimensional resistivity structure estimated from the corrected response explains almost all the components of the observed response.