- Open Access
Study on mesosphere summer echoes observed by digital ionosonde at Zhongshan Station, Antarctica
Earth, Planets and Space volume 59, pages1135–1139(2007)
The irregular characteristics of E and Es layers are studied with data from 1995 to 2002 observed by a Digisonde Portable Sounder-4 (DPS-4) ionosonde at Zhongshan Station, Antarctica. Because they have much similar characteristics with Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes (PMSE), two criteria are proposed to study PMSE at MF and HF bands in Southern hemisphere. The phenomena of irregular E and Es layer are called as PMSE-like or Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes-Es (PMSE-Es) here. The occurrence rate variations of PMSE-Es show similarity to those of PMSE at multi-scales, such as seasonal, diurnal, and semidiurnal variation. Finally, the discrepancies between diurnal, semidiurnal and seasonal variation between PMSE and PMSE-Es are discussed respectively.
Balsley, B. B. and M. Huaman, On the relationship between seasonal occurrence of northern hemispheric polar mesosphere summer echoes and mean mesopause temperatures, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 2021–2024, 1997.
Barabash, V., Investigation of polar mesosphere summer echoes in northern Scandinavia, IRF Scientific Report 283., 2004.
Bremer, J., P. Hoffmann, A. Manson, C. Meek, R. Rüster, and W. Singer, PMSE observations at three different frequencies in northern Europe during summer 1994, Ann. Geophys., 14, 1317–1327, 1996.
Bremer, J., P. Hoffmann, R. Latteck, and W. Singer, Seasonal and long term variation of PMSE from VHF radar observations at Andenes, Norways, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D8), 8438, doi:10.1029/2002JD002369, 2003.
Cho, J. Y. N. and M. K. Kelly, Enhancement of thomson scatter by charged aerosols in the polar mesosphere: with a 1.29-GHz radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19(11), 1097–1100, 1992.
Ecklund, W. L. and B. B. Balsley, Long-term observations of the Arctic mesosphere with the MST radar at Poker Flat Alaska, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 7775–7780, 1981.
Feldstein, Y. I. and G. V. Starkov, Dynamics of auroral belt and polar geomagnetic disturbance, Planet. Space Sci., 15, 209, 1967.
Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, and L. I. Næsheim, First observations of the PMSE overshoot effect and its use for investigation the conditions in the summer mesosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(23), 2229, doi:1029/2003GL018429, 2003.
Hosokawa, K., T. Ogawa, A. S. Yukimatu, N. Sato, and T. Iyemori, Statistics of antarctica mesospheric echoes observed with the Super-DARN Syowa radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L02106, doi:10.1029/ 2003GL018776, 2004.
Hosokawa, K., T. Ogawa, N. F. Arnold, M. Lester, N. Sato, and A. S. Yukimatu, Extraction of polar mesosphere summer echoes from Super-DARN data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, 10.1029/2005GL022788, 2005.
Karashtin, A. N., Y. V. Shlyugaev, V. I. Abramov, I. F Belov, I. V. Berezin, V. V. Bychkov, E. B. Eryshev, and G. P. Komrakov, First HF radar measurements of summer mesopause echoes at SURA, Ann. Geophys., 15, 935–941, 1997.
Kirkwood, S., V. Barabash, P. Chilson, A. Rechou, K. Stebel, P. Espy, G. Witt, and T. Stegman, The 1997 pmse season—its relation to wind, temperature and water vapour, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1867–1870, 1998.
Lee, C. C, J. Y Liu, C. J. Pan, and C. H. Liu, Doppler velocities obtained by the EISCAT VHF and the dynasonde during the PMSE95 campaign, J. Atmos. Solar. Terr. Phys., 63, 193–199, 2001.
Liou, K., P. T. Newell, C. I. Meng, M. Brittnacher, and G. Parks, Synoptic auroral distribution: a survey using polar ultraviolet imagery, J. Geophys. Res., 102(A12), 27179–27206, 1997.
Liu, J. Y, C. J. Pan, and C. C. Lee, VHF radar and MF/HF dynasonde observations during polar mesosphere summer echoes conditions at EISCAT, Earth Planets Space, 54, 691–698, 2002.
Liu, R. Y, S. L. Qian, and L. S. He, Preliminary experimintal results about the digisonde portable sounder-4 at Zhongshan Station, Antarctica, Progress in Geophysics, 12(4), 109–118, 1997 (in Chinese).
Ogawa, T, N. Nishitani, H. Yamagishi, and A. A. Yukimatu, Upper mesosphere summer echoes detected with the Antarctica Syowa HF radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(7), 10.1029/2001/GL014094, 2002.
Ogawa, T, N. F. Arnold, S. Kirkwood, N. Nishitani, and M. Lester, Finn-land HF and Esrange MST radar observations of polar mesosphere summer echoes, Ann. Geophys., 21, 1047–1055, 2003.
Rapp, M. and F-J. Lübken, Polar mesosphere summer echoes (PMSE): review of observations and current understanding, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 2601–2633, 2004.
Tereshchenko, V. D., E. B. Vasiliev, and V. A. Tereshchenko, The polar mesospheric MF echoes, „physics of auroral phenomena”, Proc XXV Annual Semina, Apatity., 118–121, 2002.
Thomas, G. E., Is the polar mesosphere the miner’s canary of global change?, Adv. Space. Res., 18(3), 149–158, 1996.
About this article
Cite this article
Li, H., Wu, J., Liu, R. et al. Study on mesosphere summer echoes observed by digital ionosonde at Zhongshan Station, Antarctica. Earth Planet Sp 59, 1135–1139 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352056
- Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes (PMSE)